European Geriatric Medicine

, Volume 9, Issue 2, pp 219–225 | Cite as

Prevalence of dynapenia and presarcopenia related to aging in adult community-dwelling Mexicans using two different cut-off points

  • Wendy Daniella Rodríguez-García
  • Luis García-Castañeda
  • Nayeli Vaquero-Barbosa
  • Víctor Manuel Mendoza-Núñez
  • Arturo Orea-Tejeda
  • Stany Perkisas
  • Maurits Vandewoude
  • Lilia Castillo-Martínez
Research Paper



To estimate the prevalence of dynapenia, presarcopenia, and sarcopenia in a Mexican community using two different cutoffs.

Materials and methods

This cross-sectional study included 724 subjects (521 women and 203 men) adults ≥ 50 years community-dwelling from Mexico City. We determined the prevalence of different muscle-related syndromes. Muscle strength was measured with handgrip strength and muscle mass was estimated by bioelectrical impedance. For the diagnosis of sarcopenia and presarcopenia, two criteria were used: (1) the cut-off points proposed by the European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People (EWGSOP) and (2) the cut-off points less than two standard deviations for gender-specific mean of Mexicans young adults.


Muscle mass decreases with age, but not as rapid as muscle strength. With the specific Mexican cut-off points, the general prevalences were: 27.4% for dynapenia (n = 199), 12.8% for presarcopenia (n = 93), and 6.6% for sarcopenia (n = 48). In contrast, the prevalences were higher when we used the cut-off points for Caucasians (EWGSOP): 33.9% for dynapenia (n = 246), 38.1% for presarcopenia (n = 276), and 15.2% for sarcopenia (n = 110).


Diagnoses of dynapenia, presarcopenia, and sarcopenia should be estimated from cut-off points of the specific population; otherwise, it might be overestimated or underestimated. Early diagnosis of any of these conditions in community can prevent the occurrence of adverse effects.


Prevalence Dynapenia Sarcopenia Cut-off points Mexico 



We want to thank Mexico City’s collective transportation system (METRO) and to the Master’s and Doctorate Program in Medical, Dental and Health Sciences, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM). Rodríguez-García WD is supported by a CONACYT Ph. D. scholarship, no. 250747.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

All authors state no conflict of interest.

Ethical approval

The Ethics Committee of the Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México Zaragoza Campus approved the research protocol for this study.

Informed consent

Each volunteer was informed about the aims of the study and agreed to participate after giving their informed consent.


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Copyright information

© European Geriatric Medicine Society 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Wendy Daniella Rodríguez-García
    • 1
  • Luis García-Castañeda
    • 2
  • Nayeli Vaquero-Barbosa
    • 2
  • Víctor Manuel Mendoza-Núñez
    • 3
  • Arturo Orea-Tejeda
    • 4
  • Stany Perkisas
    • 5
  • Maurits Vandewoude
    • 5
  • Lilia Castillo-Martínez
    • 2
  1. 1.Centro Regional de Educación Superior, Campus Zona NorteUniversidad Autónoma de GuerreroChilpancingoMexico
  2. 2.Clinical Nutrition DepartmentInstituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador ZubiránMexico CityMexico
  3. 3.Unidad de Investigación en Gerontología, Facultad de Estudios Superiores ZaragozaUniversidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM)Mexico CityMexico
  4. 4.Heart Failure and Respiratory Distress Clinic, Cardiology DepartmentInstituto Nacional de Enfermedades Respiratorias “Ismael Cosío Villegas”Mexico CityMexico
  5. 5.Department of Geriatrics, ZNA St. ElisabethUniversity of AntwerpAntwerpBelgium

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