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Simulation challenges in membrane computing

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P system simulators are critical tools to enable them as formal modeling framework for real-life applications. Such simulators abstract the concept of P systems in various ways, depending on the needs of the users and the requirements of the specific application. We identify three main levels of abstraction: graphical user interfaces, simulation engines and parallel implementations. In this paper, we survey the state of the art at these levels and discuss the main challenges under consideration for future developments.

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  1. Field-programmable gate arrays, energy-efficient devices with application in HPC.

  2. a.k.a. PDP systems.

  3. DCBA is a simulation algorithm for PDP systems, aiming to “fairly” distribute the consumption of objects among competing rules.

  4. Confluent systems may present different computations for a given input, but all of them leading to the same output.

  5. We say that a collection of objects \(a_i\) is being used as a counter if the role of the index i is just counting steps (typically the rules associated are of the type \(a_i\rightarrow a_{i+1}\).


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This work was supported by the research project TIN2017-89842-P (MABICAP), co-financed by Ministerio de Economía, Industria y Competitividad (MINECO) of Spain, through the Agencia Estatal de Investigación (AEI), and by Fondo Europeo de Desarrollo Regional (FEDER) of the European Union.

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Correspondence to Luis Valencia-Cabrera.

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Valencia-Cabrera, L., Pérez-Hurtado, I. & Martínez-del-Amor, M.Á. Simulation challenges in membrane computing. J Membr Comput 2, 392–402 (2020).

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