International Journal of Cognitive Therapy

, Volume 12, Issue 2, pp 97–108 | Cite as

Inflated Responsibility in Worry and Obsessive Thinking

  • Yoshinori SugiuraEmail author
  • Brian Fisak


Utilizing two measures of inflated responsibility, the current study provides an examination of the relation between responsibility and both obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) symptoms and worry/generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) symptoms. More specifically, the goals of the study were twofold. The first goal was to provide an elucidation of the construct of inflated responsibility by conducting a joint factor analysis with two measures commonly utilized to assess responsibly, the Responsibility Attitudes Scale (RAS) and the Responsibility to Continue Thinking Scale (RESP). The second goal was to examine the degree to which the factors obtained from the joint factor analysis predict symptoms of OCD, GAD, and worry. Based on an exploratory factor analysis, a three-factor solution emerged, with factors labeled Harm/Danger Avoidance (HDA), Personal Responsibility/Blame (PRB), and Responsibility to Continue Thinking/Perseverate (RCTP). Based on the results of regression analyses, PRB and RCTP, but not HAD, were found to be significant and unique predictors of OCD symptoms and of worry/GAD symptoms. Overall, this study provides insight into the construct of responsibly and the relation of this construct to psychopathology.


Worry Obsessive-compulsive Generalized anxiety Anxiety Responsibility 


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest.


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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Graduate School of Integrated Arts and Sciences, Behavioural Sciences SectionHiroshima UniversityHigashi-HiroshimaJapan
  2. 2.Department of PsychologyUniversity of Central FloridaOrlandoUSA

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