Investigation on the habit plane of martensitic transformation in zirconia coatings


Martensitic transformation was investigated by the combination of electron backscatter diffraction and in situ atomic force microscope (AFM). The metastable tetragonal phase in the plasma-sprayed 3 mol% Y2O3-ZrO2 coating showed a strong basal texture with the {001}t plane parallel to the surface. The habit plane (108)t of a pair of V-arranged monoclinic variants was determined on the basis of the lattice correspondence of (001)m//(100)t, [100]m//[010]t, and [010]m//[001]t and an included angle of 14°. Additionally, the direction of residual stress in the coatings was revealed by the periodic corrugation patterns of AFM, which matched approximately with 10° deflection of the basal texture. This was further confirmed by an in situ reverse transformation from the monoclinic phase to tetragonal phase and the formation of parallel microcracks after stress release during heat treatment.

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The authors are grateful to the support provided by National Key R&D Program of China (2018YFB0704400), Shanghai Technical Platform for testing on inorganic materials (19DZ2290700), Shanghai Sailing Program (18YF1427000), International Partnership Program of Sciences (GJHZ1721), CAS key foundation for exploring scientific instrument (YJKYYQ20170041), Shanghai foundation for new research methods (17142201500).

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Wang, Y., Winhold, M., Kong, M. et al. Investigation on the habit plane of martensitic transformation in zirconia coatings. J Aust Ceram Soc 56, 257–264 (2020).

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  • Martensitic transformation
  • Yttria-stabilized zirconia
  • Electron backscatter diffraction
  • Atomic force microscopy