Fig. 1 | Earth Systems and Environment

Fig. 1

From: What can Palaeoclimate Modelling do for you?

Fig. 1

Global annual mean temperature variation of the Earth through time (last 400 million years) predicted by the Hadley Centre Coupled Climate Model version 3 (HadCM3), compared with geologically derived estimates of temperature variability over the same period [the Royer et al. 2004 temperature record, the Zachos et al. 2008; Lisiecki and Raymo 2005 benthic oxygen isotope stack, as well as the EPICA and NGRIP ice core records; Jouzel et al. 2007 and NGRIP Members 2004. Geological epochs include the Devonian (D), Carboniferous (C) Permian (P), Triassic (Tr), Jurassic (J) Cretaceous (K), Eocene (Eoc), Oligocene (Oli.), Miocene (Mio), Pliocene and Pleistocene (Pleist.)] Future predictions of temperature change are based on HadCM3 simulations using different Representative Concentration Pathways (RCPs). Horizontal blue lines represent geological evidence for ice sheets in the northern (NH) and southern (SH) hemispheres. Major evolutionary characteristics and events over the last 400 million years represented by cartoon silhouettes

Back to article page