Developing Sustainable Legal Framework for the Establishment of Integrated Water Resources Management in Iran

  • Kaiomars Kalantari
  • Reza Maknoon
  • Daryoush Karimi
Research paper
  • 19 Downloads

Abstract

In this study, the advantages and limitations, given the rules and regulations in Iran, of implementing an integrated water resources management (IWRM) approach are analyzed. As IWRM does not exist at the level of basin in Iran, it is suggested that the legal framework for the establishment of IWRM eventually be initiated with consideration given the structural complexities of water management systems at a national level. Such an approach is generally missing in Iran, and sustainable solutions are necessary for the all-round development of the country as pertains to water. In addition, the environmental degradation of water and soil in basins has resulted in the migration of people from rural areas to urban regions. All these factors have contributed to the great complexity of Iran’s IWRM. With the principles of the establishment of IWRM across water basins in mind, this study investigated and ultimately presented proposals and solutions for modifying the rights and rules of the water in basins. The results indicated that the best solution for solving the problems associated with IWRM is ever-increasing interaction between the beneficiaries and the tools available for achieving a sustainable IWRM strategy in Iran.

Keywords

Water resources Watershed Management Socioeconomic 

References

  1. Allan JA (2003) Integrated water resources management is more a political than a technical challenge. Dev Water Sci 50:9–23CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Biswas AK (2004) Integrated water resources management: a reassessment: a water forum contribution. Water Int 29:248–256CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Brown C, Lall U (2006) Water and economic development: the role of variability and a framework for resilience. Nat Resour Forum. Wiley Online Library, 306–317Google Scholar
  4. Calder IR (1999) The blue revolution: land use and integrated water resources management. EarthscanGoogle Scholar
  5. Cullinane K, Toy N (2000) Identifying influential attributes in freight route/mode choice decisions: a content analysis. Transp Res E 36:41–53CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Davar Panah M, Davar Panah M (2017) Legal review of environmental pollution of soil, climate. In: Fourth international conference on environmental planning and management (In Persian)Google Scholar
  7. Debirie F, Heidari F (2017) Legal review of environmental pollution of soil, climate. In: Fourth international conference on environmental planning and management (In Persian)Google Scholar
  8. Engle N, Johns O, Lemos MC, Nelson D (2011) Integrated and adaptive management of water resources: tensions, legacies, and the next best thing. Ecol Soc 16Google Scholar
  9. Ferreyra C, de Loe RC, Kreutzwiser RD (2008) Imagined communities, contested watersheds: challenges to integrated water resources management in agricultural areas. J Rural Stud 24:304–321CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Hafezoprest M, Iraqi Nezhad S, Sharif Azari S (2015) Sustainability standards in assessing integrated water resources management in aras basin based on DPSIR approach. J Soil Water Conserv Res 22(2) (In Persian)Google Scholar
  11. Hassing J (2009) Integrated water resources management in action: dialogue paper. UnescoGoogle Scholar
  12. He X (2016) Legal methods of mainstreaming climate change adaptation in Chinese water management. SpringerGoogle Scholar
  13. Jafarian V, Yazdani M, Rahimi M, Ghorbani M (2015) Structural model analysis of network of organizational practitioners of water resources management with the aim of establishing integrated water resources management system in garmsar plain. Pasture and watershed. Iranian J Nat Resour. Course 69, No 4. (In Persian)Google Scholar
  14. Krippendorff K (2012) Content analysis: an introduction to its methodology, 3rd edn. SageGoogle Scholar
  15. Matondo JI (2002) A comparison between conventional and integrated water resources planning and management. Phys Chem Earth Parts A/B/C 27:831–838CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Molina J, Bromley J, García-Aróstegui J, Sullivan C, Benavente J (2010) Integrated water resources management of overexploited hydrogeological systems using object-oriented Bayesian networks. Environ Model Softw 25:383–397CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Neuendorf KA (2002) The content analysis guidebook. SageGoogle Scholar
  18. Safavid HR, Rast Ghalam M (2016) A solution to the water crisis in the Zayandehrood catchment: management of water supply and use. 12th year. No. 4. (In Persian)Google Scholar
  19. Zargarpour R, Noorzad A (2009) Introducing a conceptual model and formulating integrated water resources management model with emphasis on the country’s water security. Year 5, No. 3 (In Persian)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© University of Tehran 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Environmental Law, Faculty of natural resources and environmentScience and Research Branch, Islamic Azad UniversityTehranIran
  2. 2.Amirkabir University of Technology (Tehran Polytechnic)TehranIran

Personalised recommendations