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Three-Dimensional (3D) Printing of Organs according to the Perspective of Islamic Law

Abstract

The outburst of the fourth Industrial Revolution had a significant impact on many aspects of life. The discovery of new technologies in medicine has resulted in innovations: organ transplants. The introduction of three-dimensional (3D) organ printing technology promises improvements to the field. Organs such as the liver, kidneys, heart and others are printed to meet the needs of the actual organs. However, the production of prototype organs to replace the original organs is associated with the issue of changing the creation of Allah. Accordingly, this study will analyse the issue of changing the creation of God in three-dimensional (3D) organ printing technology according to the perspective of Islamic law. Several appropriate methodologies in Islamic law (usul fiqh) are used such as legal reasoning through maqasid shariah perspective and analogical reasoning. The result shows that three-dimensional (3D) organ printing technology falls under the permissible category of changing the creation of Allah because it can save human lives. The production of organs through 3D printing involving changes included in the category of necessity (daruri) and need (hajiy) is permissible, but the category of desirable (tahsini) requires further specifications.

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Funding

This work was supported by the Fundamental Research Grant Scheme under Ministry of Higher Education, Malaysia (FRGS/1/2020/SSI0/UTM/02/23).

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Correspondence to Mohammad Naqib Hamdan.

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Sabri, A.M., Ramli, M.A., Abdul Rahman, N.N. et al. Three-Dimensional (3D) Printing of Organs according to the Perspective of Islamic Law. ABR (2022). https://doi.org/10.1007/s41649-022-00210-9

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s41649-022-00210-9

Keywords

  • 3D organ printing
  • Organ transplantation
  • Objectives of Shariah (maqasid Shariah)
  • Islamic law