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Ethical Analysis of Appropriate Incentive Measures Promoting Organ Donation in Bangladesh


Bangladesh, a Muslim-majority country, has a national organ donation law that was passed in 1999 and revised in 2018. The law allows living-related and brain-dead donor organ transplantation. There are no legal barriers to these two types of organ donations, but there is no legislation providing necessary costs and incentive measures associated with successful organ transplants. However, many governments across the globe provide different types of incentives for motivating living donors and families of deceased donors. This study assesses the merits and demerits of incentive measures already in use around the world and proposes ethical measures that can promote organ donation in Bangladesh. The primary focus of this paper is to present an ethical analysis of the comparison of incentive measures on organ donation between Bangladesh and the Islamic Republic of Iran as two Muslim countries that operate organ donation for transplantation practices according to Islamic principles. In this paper, I mainly argue that providing a fixed bare minimum financial incentive measure to distantly related living donors and families of deceased donors will encourage Bangladeshis to donate organs in a manner that is ethically justifiable, morally permissible, and socio-economically appropriate. The government of Bangladesh should revise the existing biomedical law to include a provision related to incentive measures and set a strict policy to properly regulate these measures as key stewardship that can ethically promote organ donation for transplantation.

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I would like to express my gratitude to the anonymous reviewers for their insightful suggestions, which helped me improve the manuscript. A part of the writing of this manuscript was supported by the Hong Kong Government Postgraduate Studentship (UGC-allocated funds), HKSAR.


This study was funded in part by the Hong Kong Government Postgraduate Studentship (UGC-allocated funds), HKSAR.

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Correspondence to Md. Sanwar Siraj.

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Siraj, M.S. Ethical Analysis of Appropriate Incentive Measures Promoting Organ Donation in Bangladesh. ABR 14, 237–257 (2022).

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  • Organ donation
  • Incentives
  • Family
  • Healthcare law
  • Bangladesh