Historical Archaeology

, Volume 52, Issue 1, pp 30–50 | Cite as

Created Communities: Segregation and the History of Plural Sites on Eastern Long Island, New York

  • Christopher N. Matthews
  • Allison Manfra McGovern
Article
  • 42 Downloads

Abstract

The making of communities is often treated as a quasi-natural process in which people of similar backgrounds and heritage, or people living in close proximity, form meaningful and mutual ties. Missing here is an appreciation of the ties that bind people to others, that are often beyond their own control. Especially in contexts of inequality, communities form because of shared interests in perpetuating, dismantling, or simply surviving the structures of an unequal distribution of resources. This article investigates the formation of communities of color on eastern Long Island since the 18th century by looking at intersections between race and settlement as evidence for how people of color worked within and against the systems that controlled them. A foundational component of the region’s working class, intersecting patterns in class and race formation that complicate the understanding of these mixed-heritage Native American and African American communities are considered.

Keywords

segregation racism Long Island New York Montaukett Native Americans Setauket 

Extracto

La creación de comunidades se trata a menudo como un proceso casi natural en el que las personas con antecedentes y herencia similares, o personas que viven muy cerca forman lazos mutuos y significativos. Aquí falta una apreciación de los lazos que unen unas personas a otras, y que a menudo están más allá de su propio control. Especialmente en contextos de desigualdad, las comunidades se forman debido a intereses compartidos por perpetuar, desmantelar o simplemente sobrevivir a las estructuras de una distribución desigual de los recursos. El presente documento investiga la formación de comunidades de color en el este de Long Island desde el siglo XVIII examinando las intersecciones entre raza y asentamiento como prueba de cómo las personas de color trabajaban dentro y contra los sistemas que les controlaban. Un componente fundacional de la clase trabajadora de la región, el presente estudio considera los patrones de intersección en la formación de clase y raza que complican la comprensión de estas comunidades nativo americanas y afroamericanas de herencia mixta.

Résumé

La création de communautés est souvent considérée comme un processus quasi culturel dans lequel des personnes ayant des origines sociales et un héritage similaires, ou des personnes vivant à proximité, créent des liens significatifs et réciproques. Il manque ici une appréciation des liens qui lient les gens aux autres, souvent indépendants de leur volonté. Surtout dans les contextes d’inégalité, les communautés se forment à cause d’intérêts partagés pour perpétuer, démanteler ou simplement survivre aux structures d’une répartition inégale des ressources. Cet article étudie la formation des communautés de couleur à l’est de Long Island depuis le 18e siècle en étudiant les interactions entre la race et l’implantation comme preuve de la façon dont les personnes de couleur travaillaient à l’intérieur et contre les systèmes qui les contrôlaient. Composante fondamentale de la classe ouvrière de la région, cette étude considère les schémas croisés dans la classe et la formation raciale qui compliquent la compréhension de ces communautés d’Amérindiens et d’Afro-Américains ayant des origines diversifiées.

Notes

Acknowledgments:

The authors wish to recognize the contributions and support of our community collaborators: Robert Lewis, Barbara Lewis, Carlton “Hubble” Edwards, Idamae Glass, Julius Stith, Barbara Russel, Eugene Cochschutt, Bev Tyler, the Three Central School District, James Devine, and Chief Robert Pharaoh. Our research has also benefited from the advice and assistance of Karen Martin, Bradley Phillippi, Anna Agbe-Davies, Quentin Lewis, Dave Bernstein, Emma Lagan, Gabriel Abinante, Tess Jay, Joe Tonelli, Ross Rava, Richard Martin, Diana diZerega Wall, Jim Moore, Robert Hefner, and Steve Russell Boerner. We are, of course, solely responsible for any errors of fact or reason in this article.

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Copyright information

© Society for Historical Archaeology 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christopher N. Matthews
    • 1
  • Allison Manfra McGovern
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of AnthropologyMontclair State UniversityMontclairU.S.A.
  2. 2.Department of Sociology and AnthropologyFarmingdale State CollegeFarmingdaleU.S.A.

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