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A new mobile grazing-incidence X-ray absorption fine spectroscopy endstation at Beijing Synchrotron Radiation Facility



A new mobile grazing-incidence X-ray absorption fine spectroscopy (GIXAFS) endstation was developed at Beijing Synchrotron Radiation Facility (BSRF) to improve the function of general XAFS beamlines and extend their capabilities to a wider user community.


We developed a facile GIXAFS endstation through modifying the regular XAFS in grazing-incidence geometry. Additionally, a soller slit, filter, photographic film and tiny lead sheets were assembled to improve the signal-to-noise ratio of XAFS data. Furtherly, combined with time-resolved quick scanning XAFS (QXAFS) techniques, the systems can perform in situ XAFS measurement to study materials under operando condition.


The GIXAFS had been used to collect the Ga K-edge XAFS of InGaN thin film on sapphire substrate, which demonstrated that signal-to-noise ratio of XAFS data had been greatly improved through suppressing the effect of substrate diffractions. Moreover, the feasibility of GIXAFS-QXAFS combination was illustrated with in situ exploring the degradation of organic–inorganic perovskites under X-ray radiation.


A new mobile and facile GIXAFS endstation has been developed for thin films study. Based on the photographic film and lead sheets, the contamination of the XAFS from the matrix is minimized. Further combined with QXAFS techniques, the systems are used to reveal the X-ray-induced organic–inorganic perovskite thin films photodegrading process, which proved their successful application in the time-resolved measurements, extending the capabilities of general beamlines available to a wider user community.

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We gratefully acknowledge the financial support by the National Key Research and Development Program of China (Grant No.2017YFA0403400) and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) (U1932201, U2032202).

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Authors and Affiliations



Jing Zhang and Pengfei An conceived the idea and designed the experiments. Zi Yin and Guikai Zhang investigated the literature, analyzed the data and wrote the first draft of the manuscript. Yaning Xie carried out the optimization of grazing-incidence X-ray absorption fine spectroscopy (GIXAFS) setup. Yu Chen carried out the optimization of the alignment procedure in GIXAFS measurements. Cheng Shao and Dongyan Song synthesized the sample used in the experiment and carried out the device fabrication and characterizations. Shengqi Chu and Lirong Zheng also contributed to device fabrication. All authors discussed the results and commented on the manuscript.

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Correspondence to Pengfei An or Jing Zhang.

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Yin, Z., Zhang, G., Xie, Y. et al. A new mobile grazing-incidence X-ray absorption fine spectroscopy endstation at Beijing Synchrotron Radiation Facility. Radiat Detect Technol Methods 6, 194–200 (2022).

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  • Grazing-incidence X-ray absorption spectroscopy
  • Thin films
  • In situ
  • High-quality data
  • BSRF