Antibacterial effect of Er,Cr:YSGG laser in the treatment of peri-implantitis and their effect on implant surfaces: a literature review

Abstract

The aim

The present study aims to conduct a descriptive analysis by reviewing in vivo and in vitro studies concerned with the antibacterial effect of Er,Cr:YSGG laser (2780 nm) and their effects on implant surfaces at different parameters for peri-implantitis treatment.

Materials and methods

The PubMed and Google Scholar had been used to search for articles that focused on the antibacterial effect of Er,Cr:YSGG laser (2780 nm) in the treatment of peri-implantitis and their effects on implant surfaces. This literature search was limited to ten years (January 2007–March 2017).

Results

The favorable settings of Er,Cr:YSGG laser which can be used significantly to treat peri-implantitis without titanium surface characteristic alteration or increase of temperature based on reviewed articles are in a non-contact mode (0.5 mm distance) at 1 and 1.5 W, 10 and 30 Hz, and 60 and 120 s, respectively, under air and water flow for refrigeration.

Conclusion

Er,Cr:YSGG laser with specific parameters is an effective tool in the treatment of peri-implantitis without negative effect on the implant surfaces.

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Correspondence to Khaled Smeo.

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Smeo, K., Nasher, R. & Gutknecht, N. Antibacterial effect of Er,Cr:YSGG laser in the treatment of peri-implantitis and their effect on implant surfaces: a literature review. Laser Dent Sci 2, 63–71 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s41547-018-0032-5

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Keywords

  • Dental implant
  • Er,Cr:YSGG laser
  • Laser treatment
  • Laser therapy
  • Periimplantitis
  • Peri-implantitis
  • Periimplant
  • Dental implant surface
  • Decontamination
  • Disinfection
  • Antibacterial effect
  • Bactericidal effect