Advertisement

Occupational Health Science

, Volume 2, Issue 4, pp 323–335 | Cite as

Association between Psychosocial and Organizational Factors and Objectively Measured Sedentary Behavior in Desk-Dependent Office Workers

  • Andrew LafrenzEmail author
  • Taryn Lust
  • Minot Cleveland
  • Alar Mirka
  • Andrew Downs
  • Bryan Goodin
  • Jacquie Van Hoomissen
Original Research Article
  • 446 Downloads

Abstract

Cross-sectional analysis of data from the Recharge@Work study was used to assess individual, interpersonal and organizational correlates of objectively- measured sedentary time, in desk-dependent office workers at 2 U.S. hospitals. Analysis included 65 participants (62 females and ~49.2 years old). Sedentary time was assessed by accelerometry across five consecutive days and expressed as prolonged sedentary bouts (60 min ≤ 150 cpm). Correlates measured a baseline included: age, BMI, active break enjoyment, active break outcome expectancy, active break self-efficacy, active break social support, direct supervisor support of active breaks and senior manager support of active breaks. As expected, we found that the more individuals perceived their supervisor as supportive of active breaks and the more they enjoyed active breaks, the more likely they were to actually take active breaks (i.e., to experience less sedentary time, OR = 2.8, CI = 1.1–7.1; OR = 5.2, CI = 1.4–19.2 respectively). However, contrary to our expectations, the more employees perceived their senior managers as supportive of active breaks, the less likely they were to take these breaks (OR = 0.29, CI = 0.09–0.93). No significant associations were found between age, gender, BMI, outcome expectancy, or self-efficacy and active breaks from sedentary behavior.

Keywords

Occupational Sedentary Office workers Determinants Active breaks 

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

On behalf of all authors, the corresponding author states that there is no conflict of interest.

References

  1. Aguilar-Farías, N., Brown, W. J., & Peeters, G. M. E. E. G. (2013). ActiGraph GT3X+ cut-points for identifying sedentary behaviour in older adults in free-living environments. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport / Sports Medicine Australia.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2013.07.002.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Bandura, A. (2001). Social cognitive theory: an agentic perspective. Annual Review of Psychology, 52, 1–26.  https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.psych.52.1.1.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Bauman, A., Ainsworth, B. E., Sallis, J. F., Hagströmer, M., Craig, C. L., Bull, F. C., & Sjöström, M. (2011). The descriptive epidemiology of sitting: a 20-country comparison using the international physical activity questionnaire (IPAQ). American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 41(2), 228–235.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2011.05.003.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Bauman, A. E., Reis, R. S., Sallis, J. F., Wells, J. C., Loos, R. J., & Martin, B. W. (2012). Correlates of physical activity: why are some people physically active and others not? The Lancet, 380(9838), 258–271.  https://doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(12)60735-1.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Bennie, J. A., Timperio, A. F., Crawford, D. A., Dunstan, D. W., & Salmon, J. L. (2011). Associations between social ecological factors and self-reported short physical activity breaks during work hours among desk-based employees. Preventive Medicine, 53(1–2), 44–47.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2011.05.015.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Brethower, D. M. (2000). A systematic view of enterprise. Journal of Organizational Behavioral Management, 20(3), 165–190.  https://doi.org/10.1300/j075v20n03_06.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Celis-Morales, C. A., Perez-Bravo, F., Ibañez, L., Salas, C., Bailey, M. E. S., & Gill, J. M. R. (2012). Objective vs. self-reported physical activity and sedentary time: Effects of measurement method on relationships with risk biomarkers. PLoS One, 7(5), e36345.  https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0036345.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  8. Chastin, S. F. M., Fitzpatrick, N., Andrews, M., & DiCroce, N. (2014). Determinants of sedentary behavior, motivation, barriers and strategies to reduce sitting time in older women: a qualitative investigation. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 11(1), 773–791.  https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph110100773.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  9. Coenen, P., Gilson, N., Healy, G. N., Dunstan, D. W., & Straker, L. M. (2017). A qualitative review of existing national and international occupational safety and health policies relating to occupational sedentary behaviour. Applied Ergonomics, 60, 320–333.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apergo.2016.12.010.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. De Cocker, K., Duncan, M. J., Short, C., van Uffelen, J. G. Z., & Vandelanotte, C. (2014). Understanding occupational sitting: prevalence, correlates and moderating effects in Australian employees. Preventive Medicine, 67, 288–294.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2014.07.031.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  11. Deci, E. L., & Ryan, R. M. (2010). Self-determination. In The corsini encyclopedia of psychology. John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Retrieved from http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com.ezproxy.proxy.library.oregonstate.edu/doi/10.1002/9780470479216.corpsy0834/abstract.
  12. Diener, L. H., McGee, H. M., & Miguel, C. F. (2009). An integrated approach for conducting a behavioral systems analysis. Journal of Organizational Behavioral Management, 29(2), 108–135.  https://doi.org/10.1080/01608060902874534.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Dishman, R. K., DeJoy, D. M., Wilson, M. G., & Vandenberg, R. J. (2009). Move to improve: a randomized workplace trial to increase physical activity. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 36(2), 133–141.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2008.09.038.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. Dutta, N., Koepp, G. A., Stovitz, S. D., Levine, J. A., & Pereira, M. A. (2014). Using sit-stand workstations to decrease sedentary time in office workers: a randomized crossover trial. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 11(7), 6653–6665.  https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph110706653.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  15. Gilbert, T. F. (1978). Human competence—engineering worthy performance. NSPI Journal, 17(9), 19–27.  https://doi.org/10.1002/pfi.4180170915.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Glanz, K., & Rimer, B. K. (1995). Theory at a glance: A guide to health promotion practice. Bethesda: National Cancer Institute 2nd edition 2005.Google Scholar
  17. Hayes, L. J., Dubuque, E. M., Fryling, M. J., & Pritchard, J. K. (2009). A behavioral systems analysis of behavior analysis as a scientific system. Journal of Organizational Behavior Management, 29(3–4), 315–332.  https://doi.org/10.1080/01608060903092169.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Healy, G. N., Eakin, E. G., Lamontagne, A. D., Owen, N., Winkler, E. A. H., Wiesner, G., … Dunstan, D. W. (2013). Reducing sitting time in office workers: short-term efficacy of a multicomponent intervention. Preventive Medicine, 57(1), 43–48.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2013.04.004 CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  19. Katzmarzyk, P. T., Church, T. S., Craig, C. L., & Bouchard, C. (2009). Sitting time and mortality from all causes, cardiovascular disease, and cancer. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 41(5), 998–1005.  https://doi.org/10.1249/MSS.0b013e3181930355.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. Koeneman, M. A., Verheijden, M. W., Chinapaw, M. J. M., & Hopman-Rock, M. (2011). Determinants of physical activity and exercise in healthy older adults: A systematic review. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 8(1), 142.  https://doi.org/10.1186/1479-5868-8-142.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  21. Lewis, B. A., Napolitano, M. A., Buman, M. P., Williams, D. M., & Nigg, C. R. (2017). Future directions in physical activity intervention research: expanding our focus to sedentary behaviors, technology, and dissemination. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 40(1), 112–126.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s10865-016-9797-8.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. Lowe, S. S., Danielson, B., Beaumont, C., Watanabe, S. M., Baracos, V. E., & Courneya, K. S. (2014). Correlates of objectively measured sedentary behavior in cancer patients with brain metastases: an application of the theory of planned behavior. Psycho-Oncology, n/a–n/a.  https://doi.org/10.1002/pon.3641.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. Marshall, S. J., & Ramirez, E. (2011). Reducing sedentary behavior a new paradigm in physical activity promotion. American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine, 5(6), 518–530.  https://doi.org/10.1177/1559827610395487.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. McAuley, E., Lox, C., & Duncan, T. E. (1993). Long-term maintenance of exercise, self-efficacy, and physiological change in older adults. Journal of Gerontology, 48(4), P218–P224.  https://doi.org/10.1093/geronj/48.4.P218.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  25. McGee, H. M., & Diener, L. H. (2010). Behavioral systems analysis in health and human services. Behavior Modification, 34(5), 415–442.  https://doi.org/10.1177/0145445510383527.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  26. Owen, N., Leslie, E., Salmon, J., & Fotheringham, M. J. (2000). Environmental determinants of physical activity and sedentary behavior. Exercise and Sport Sciences Reviews, 28(4), 153–158.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  27. Owen, N., Sparling, P. B., Healy, G. N., Dunstan, D. W., & Matthews, C. E. (2010). Sedentary behavior: emerging evidence for a new health risk. Mayo Clinic Proceedings, 85(12), 1138–1141.  https://doi.org/10.4065/mcp.2010.0444.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  28. Owen, N., Sugiyama, T., Eakin, E. E., Gardiner, P. A., Tremblay, M. S., & Sallis, J. F. (2011). Adults’ sedentary behavior: determinants and interventions. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 41(2), 189–196.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2011.05.013.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  29. Parry, S., & Straker, L. (2013). The contribution of office work to sedentary behaviour associated risk. BMC Public Health, 13, 296.  https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-13-296.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  30. Parry, S., Straker, L., Gilson, N. D., & Smith, A. J. (2013). Participatory workplace interventions can reduce sedentary time for office workers-a randomised controlled trial. PLoS One, 8(11), e78957.  https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0078957.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  31. Patel, A. V., Bernstein, L., Deka, A., Feigelson, H. S., Campbell, P. T., Gapstur, S. M., … Thun, M. J. (2010). Leisure time spent sitting in relation to Total mortality in a prospective cohort of US adults. American Journal of Epidemiology, 172(4), 419–429.  https://doi.org/10.1093/aje/kwq155.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  32. Paxton, R. J., Nigg, C., Motl, R. W., Yamashita, M., Chung, R., Battista, J., & Chang, J. (2008). Physical activity enjoyment scale short form—does it fit for children? Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 79(3), 423–427.  https://doi.org/10.1080/02701367.2008.10599508.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  33. Plotnikoff, R., & Karunamuni, N. (2012). Reducing sitting time: the new workplace health priority. Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health, 67(3), 125–127.  https://doi.org/10.1080/19338244.2012.697407.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Redmon, W.K., & Wilk, L.A. (1991). Organizational behavioral analysis in the U.S.: Public sector organizations. [Ch.6].Google Scholar
  35. Sallis, J. F., Grossman, R. M., Pinski, R. B., Patterson, T. L., & Nader, P. R. (1987). The development of scales to measure social support for diet and exercise behaviors. Preventive Medicine, 16(6), 825–836.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  36. Salmon, J., Owen, N., Crawford, D., Bauman, A., & Sallis, J. F. (2003). Physical activity and sedentary behavior: A population-based study of barriers, enjoyment, and preference. Health Psychology, 22(2), 178–188.  https://doi.org/10.1037/0278-6133.22.2.178.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  37. Sasaki, J. E., John, D., & Freedson, P. S. (2011). Validation and comparison of ActiGraph activity monitors. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport, 14(5), 411–416.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jsams.2011.04.003.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  38. Schneider, B. (1985). Organizational behavior. Annual Review of Psychology, 36(1), 573–611.  https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.ps.36.020185.003041.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  39. Tagiuri, R. (1968). The concept of organizational climate. Harvard University, Division of Research, Graduate School of Business Administration.Google Scholar
  40. Thorp, A. A., Healy, G. N., Winkler, E., Clark, B. K., Gardiner, P. A., Owen, N., & Dunstan, D. W. (2012). Prolonged sedentary time and physical activity in workplace and non-work contexts: a cross-sectional study of office, customer service and call Centre employees. The International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 9, 128.  https://doi.org/10.1186/1479-5868-9-128.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  41. Uijtdewilligen, L., Nauta, J., Singh, A. S., van Mechelen, W., Twisk, J. W. R., van der Horst, K., & Chinapaw, M. J. M. (2011). Determinants of physical activity and sedentary behaviour in young people: a review and quality synthesis of prospective studies. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 45(11), 896–905.  https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsports-2011-090197.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  42. Van der Ploeg, H. P., Chey, T., Korda, R. J., Banks, E., & Bauman, A. (2012). SItting time and all-cause mortality risk in 222 497 australian adults. Archives of Internal Medicine, 172(6), 494–500.  https://doi.org/10.1001/archinternmed.2011.2174.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  43. Winkler, E. A. H., Gardiner, P. A., Clark, B. K., Matthews, C. E., Owen, N., & Healy, G. N. (2012). Identifying sedentary time using automated estimates of accelerometer wear time. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 46(6), 436–442.  https://doi.org/10.1136/bjsm.2010.079699.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  44. Wojcicki, T. R., White, S. M., & McAuley, E. (2009). Assessing outcome expectations in older adults: The multidimensional outcome expectations for exercise scale. The Journals of Gerontology Series B: Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences, 64B(1), 33–40.  https://doi.org/10.1093/geronb.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Exercise and Sport ScienceConcordia UniversityPortlandUSA
  2. 2.Legacy HealthPortlandUSA
  3. 3.Department of PsychologyUniversity of PortlandPortlandUSA
  4. 4.Department of BiologyUniversity of PortlandPortlandUSA

Personalised recommendations