Advertisement

Activitas Nervosa Superior

, Volume 60, Issue 1, pp 18–20 | Cite as

Possible Cognitive-Emotional and Neural Mechanism of Unethical Amnesia

  • Rashmi Gupta
Ideas and Opinion

Abstract

Our memories of misdeed become less clear over time; this is known as unethical amnesia. Recently, Kouchaki and Gino (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 113(22), 6166-6171, 2016) explained that unethical amnesia occurs because of the psychological distress and discomfort such illegal acts cause (psychological mechanism). Notably, unethical amnesia has two components: cognitive as well as emotion. Authors have not explained the possible cognitive-emotional and neural mechanisms underlying unethical amnesia. To get the complete picture of unethical amnesia, I firmly believe that along with psychological mechanisms, it is essential to explain underlying cognitive-emotional and neural mechanisms, which is the primary focus of this paper. Together, it will give real insight to the reader to understand this phenomenon.

Keywords

Unethical amnesia Attention Memory Emotion processing Suppression 

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The author declares that there is no conflict of interest.

References

  1. Anderson, M. C., & Green, C. (2001). Suppressing unwanted memories by executive control. Nature, 410, 366–369.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. Bergström, Z. M., Anderson, M. C., Buda, M., Simons, J. S., & Richardson-Klavehn, A. (2013). Intentional retrieval suppression can conceal guilty knowledge in ERP memory detection tests. Biological Psychology, 94(1), 1–11.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  3. Bořil, H., Boyraz, P., and Hansen, J. H. L. (2009) Towards multimodal driver’s stress detection, in Proc. 4th Biennial Workshop DSP In-Vehicle Syst. Safety, Dallas, TX, Jun. 25–27.Google Scholar
  4. Butler, A. J., & James, K. H. (2010). The neural correlates of attempting to suppress negative versus neutral memories. Cognitive Affective and Behavioral Neuroscience, 10(2), 182–194.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Depue, B. E., Curran, T., & Banich, M. T. (2007). Prefrontal regions orchestrate suppression of emotional memories via a two-phase process. Science, 317(5835), 215–219.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Gupta, R. (2011). Attentional, visual, and emotional mechanisms of face processing in Williams syndrome. Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience, 5, 18.  https://doi.org/10.3389/fnbeh.2011.00018.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  7. Gupta, R. (2012). Distinct neural systems for men and women during emotional processing: a possible role of attention and evaluation. Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience, 6, 86.  https://doi.org/10.3389/fnbeh.2012.00086.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  8. Gupta, R. (2016). Commentary: neural control of vascular reactions: impact of emotion and attention. Frontiers in Psychology, 7, 1613.  https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2016.01613.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  9. Gupta, R., & Deák, G. O. (2015). Disarming smiles: irrelevant happy faces slow post-error responses. Cognitive Processing, 16(4), 427–434.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Gupta, R., & Kar, B. R. (2008). Interpretative bias: indicators of cognitive vulnerability to depression. German Journal of Psychiatry, 11, 98–102.Google Scholar
  11. Gupta, R., & Kar, B. R. (2012). Attention and memory biases as stable abnormalities among currently depressed and currently remitted individuals with unipolar depression. Frontiers in Psychiatry, 3, 99.  https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyt.2012.00099.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  12. Gupta, R., & Raymond, J. E. (2012). Emotional distraction unbalances visual processing. Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 19(2), 184–189.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Gupta, R., & Srinivasan, N. (2009a). Emotion helps memory for faces: role of whole and parts. Cognition and Emotion, 23(4), 807–816.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Gupta, R., & Srinivasan, N. (2009b). Cognitive neuroscience of emotional memory. In H. Chatterjee & E. N. Chatterjee (Eds.), Advances in developmental neuroscience and imaging (pp. 91–96). New Delhi: Anamaya Publishers.Google Scholar
  15. Gupta, R., & Srinivasan, N. (2015). Only irrelevant sad but not happy faces are inhibited under high perceptual load. Cognition and Emotion, 29, 747–754.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. Gupta, R., Hur, Y., & Lavie, N. (2016). Distracted by pleasure: effects of positive versus negative valence on emotional capture under load. Emotion, 16, 328–337.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  17. Hu, X., Bergström, Z. M., Bodenhausen, G. V., & Rosenfeld, J. P. (2015). Suppressing unwanted autobiographical memories reduces their automatic influences evidence from electrophysiology and an implicit autobiographical memory test. Psychological Science, 26(7), 1098–1106.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. Kouchaki, M., & Gino, F. (2016). Memories of unethical actions become obfuscated over time. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences USA, 113(22), 6166–6171.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Martiny-Huenger, T., Gollwitzer, P. M., & Oettingen, G. (2014). Distractor devaluation in a flanker task: object-specific effects without distractor recognition memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 40, 613–625.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  20. Pessoa, L. (2009). How do emotion and motivation direct executive control? Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 13(4), 160–166.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar
  21. Srinivasan, N., & Gupta, R. (2010). Emotion-attention interactions in recognition memory for distractor faces. Emotion, 10, 207–215.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. Srinivasan, N., & Gupta, R. (2011). Global-happy and local-sad: perceptual processing affects recognition of distractor emotional faces. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 64, 425–433.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Srivastava, P., & Srinivasan, N. (2010). Time course of visual attention with emotional faces. Attention, Perception and Psychophysics, 72, 369–377.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Humanities and Social SciencesIndian Institute of Technology BombayMumbaiIndia

Personalised recommendations