Activitas Nervosa Superior

, Volume 60, Issue 1, pp 27–31 | Cite as

Could Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS) Help Patients with Visual Snow?

  • Viktória Lukáčová
  • Jiří Mastík
  • Eduard Minks


Persistent aura without infarction (PAWI) is one of the complications of migraine. In comparison to classic migraine aura, pathological visual phenomena are present constantly, at least for 1 week, but often for more. An efficient treatment for PAWI is currently unknown. Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) is a progressive, non-invasive therapeutic method using a magnetic field transmitted through a special coil to activate the neural tracts in the brain. The efficacy of rTMS has been proven in treating several neurological disorders. The aim of this review article is to suggest a proper rTMS protocol for treating PAWI in the pursuance of studies to date.


Occipital cortex Excitability Migraine aura Persistent aura 



Persistent aura without infarction


Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation


High frequency


Low frequency


Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interests.


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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.First Department of Neurology, Faculty of MedicineMasaryk University and St. Anne’s HospitalBrnoCzech Republic

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