Skip to main content

Some Foundational Factors for Promoting Human Flourishing

Abstract

This investigation examines several key factors believed to promote human flourishing, specifically: Factor 1: Age, Education, & Healthcare, Factor 2: Labor Force Participation, Factor 3: Crime, Factor 4: Income, Factor 5: Youth Unemployment and Factor 6: Voting Behavior. Data was examined at the county level, and collected from a variety of US government and non-governmental organizations. Our investigation into the conditions necessary to promote human flourishing uses internal migration within the United States (measured by moving to another county) as the indicator of “unhappy” communities. The findings reveal that all factors are important in emigration (i.e. leaving) somewhere, but the factors vary for different counties. As a result, attempts to address the ills of society require an appreciation of geography and context.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1

Notes

  1. 1.

    The question is always a normative one, as values and value judgements greatly shape all social institutions. There is no such thing as a “positive” value free social analysis.

  2. 2.

    Often there can be a mis-match between individual needs and community assets, such as there not being the schools that fit what some students are looking for or businesses that do not require specific skill sets.

  3. 3.

    Survey of Income and Program Participation.

  4. 4.

    See also Wilkinson’s earlier book Unhealthy Societies: the Afflictions of Inequality (1996) which goes into the details on how inequality affects people’s health.

References

  1. Birchall, J. 2016. Gender, Age and Migration: An extended briefing, BRIDGE, UK: Institute of Development Studies. Available at: https://opendocs.ids.ac.uk/opendocs/handle/123456789/10410

  2. Boskoff, Alvin. 1982. Social failure in modern society: A reformulation and a tentative theoretical framework. Sociological Inquiry 52 (2, (March)): 89–105.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. Carlyle, Thomas. 1841. On heroes, hero-worship, and the heroic in history. London: James Fraser.

    Google Scholar 

  4. Elder, G.H., Jr. 1994. Time, human agency, and social change: Perspectives on the life course. Social Psychology Quarterly 57 (1): 4–15.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Gebremariam, G.H., T.G. Gebremedhin, and P.V. Schaeffer. 2011. Employment, income, and migration in Appalachia: A spatial simultaneous equations approach. Journal of Regional Science 51 (1): 102–120.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. Gilroy, R. 2008. Places that support human flourishing: Lessons from later life. Planning Theory & Practice 9 (2): 145–163.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. Halbreich, U. 2018. Micro-migration: Global domestic intergenerational cultural conflict. International Journal of Social Psychiatry 64 (6): 519–520.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. Hirschman, Albert O. 1970. Exit, voice, and loyalty. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  9. Hotchkiss, Julie L., and Rupasingha, Anil. 2018. Individual social capital and migration. Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta Working Paper 2018–3. Available at: https://www.frbatlanta.org/-/media/documents/research/publications/wp/2018/03-individual-social-capital-and-migration-2018-03-16.pdf

  10. Irwin, Michael, Troy Blanchard, Charles Tolbert, Alfred Nucci, and Thomas Lyson. 2004/5. “Why people stay: The impact of community context on nonmigration in the USA” population. Vol. 59, 567–592.

    Google Scholar 

  11. Kamakura, W.A., M. Wedel, and J. Agrawal. 1994. Concomitant variable latent class models for the external analysis of choice data. International Journal of Market Research 11: 541–464.

    Google Scholar 

  12. Mateyka, Peter J. 2015. “Desire to move and residential mobility: 2010–2011,” current population reports, P70–140, U.S. Census Bureau, Washington, DC.

  13. Medema, Steve G. 2007. “The hesitant hand: Mill, Sidgwick, and the evolution of the theory of market failure” History of Political Economy, Vo. 39, 3, pp. 331–358.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  14. Molloy, Raven Saks, Christopher L. Smith, and Abigail Wozniak. 2011. Internal migration in the United States. Journal of Economic Perspectives 25 (3): 173–196.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  15. Rosenbloom, Joshua L., and William A. Sundstrom. 2004. The decline and rise of interstate migration in the United States: Evidence from the IPUMS, 1850-1990. Research in Economic History 22: 289–325.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  16. Tolstoy, Leo. 2017. Anna Karenina, translated by Rosamund Bartlett. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

    Google Scholar 

  17. Van Mol, C. 2016. Migration aspirations of European youth in times of crisis. Journal of Youth Studies 19 (10): 1303–1320.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  18. Vermunt, J.K. 1997. Log-linear Models for Event Histories, Series QASS. Vol. 8. Thousand Oakes: Sage Publications.

    Google Scholar 

  19. Vermunt, J.K., and J. Magidson. 2005. Latent GOLD 4.0 User's Guide. Belmont, Massachusetts: Statistical Innovations Inc.

    Google Scholar 

  20. Vermunt, J.K., and J. Magidson. 2016. Technical guide for latent GOLD 5.1: Basic, advanced, and syntax. Belmont: Statistical Innovations Inc.

    Google Scholar 

  21. Wilkinson, Richard. 1996. Unhealthy societies: The afflictions of inequality. London: Routledge.

    Google Scholar 

  22. Wilkinson, Richard, and Kate Pickett. 2011. The Spirit level: Why greater equality makes societies stronger. London: Bloomsbury Press.

    Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Charles M. A. Clark.

Additional information

Publisher’s Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Clark, C.M.A., Buoye, A., Keiningham, T. et al. Some Foundational Factors for Promoting Human Flourishing. Humanist Manag J 4, 219–233 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s41463-019-00064-8

Download citation

Keywords

  • Migration
  • Civic participation
  • Social participation
  • Loyalty
  • Human flourishing