Advertisement

Humanistic Management Journal

, Volume 2, Issue 2, pp 109–123 | Cite as

Qualitative Freedom and Cosmopolitan Responsibility

Original Research

Abstract

Resting as it does on the principle of freedom, today’s global economic system is in need of a global economic ethos of responsibility so as to assure its social and ecological sustainability. Not all ideas of freedom, however, are equally amenable to conceptions of cosmopolitan responsibilities. This article examines how quantitative versus qualitative notions of freedom respectively respond to this challenge. Simply put, quantitative models hinder the integration of responsibility into models of economic rationality whereas qualitative conceptions advance it. As a consequence, efforts to promote a humanistic paradigm of economics and management fare better when oriented at a qualitative idea of freedom. Cast along the lines of a qualitative conception of freedom, corporate responsibility more readily takes on a cosmopolitan dimension apt to meet the needs of the current age of globality.

Keywords

Freedom Corporate responsibility Humanistic management Humanistic economics Sustainability Globality Cosmopolitanism 

Notes

Acknowledgements

I would like to thank Joscha Krug for important last-minute help with the bibliography and format.

References

  1. Appiah, Kwame A. 2007. Cosmopolitanism: Ethics in a World of Strangers. London: Penguin.Google Scholar
  2. Arneson, Richard J. 2009. Meaningful Work and Market Socialism Revisited. Analyse und Kritik-Zeitschrift für Sozialwissenschaften 31 (1): 139–151.Google Scholar
  3. Baets, Walter R.J., and Erna Oldenboom. 2009. Rethinking Growth: Social Intrapreneurship for Sustainable Performance. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Barry, B. M. 1989. A treatise on social justice. Berkeley: University of California Press.Google Scholar
  5. Carter, Ian. 1999. A Measure of Freedom. New York: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Carter, Ian, Matthew H. Kramer, and Hillel Steiner. 2007. Freedom: A Philosophical Anthology. Malden: Blackwell.Google Scholar
  7. Chan, Jennifer. 2007. Between Efficiency, Capability and Recognition: Competing Epistemes in Global Governance Reforms. Comparative Education 43 (3): 359–376.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Christman, John. 1991. Liberalism and Individual Positive Freedom. Ethics 101 (2): 343–359.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Cohen, Gerald A. 1995. Self-Ownership, Freedom, and Equality. In Cambridge. Paris: Cambridge University Press; Maison des sciences de l’homme.Google Scholar
  10. Dahrendorf, Ralf. 2008. The Modern Social Conflict: The Politics of Liberty. New Brunswick: Transaction Publishers.Google Scholar
  11. Dierksmeier, Claus. 2011. The Freedom–Responsibility Nexus in Management Philosophy and Business Ethics. Journal of Business Ethics 101 (2): 263–283.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Dierksmeier, Claus. 2016a. Qualitative Freiheit: Selbstbestimmung in weltbürgerlicher Verantwortung. Bielefeld: Transcript.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Dierksmeier, Claus. 2016b. Reframing Economic Ethics. The Philosophical Foundations of Humanistic Management. New York: Palgrave-Macmillan.Google Scholar
  14. Dierksmeier, Claus, and Michael Pirson. 2010. The Modern Corporation and the Idea of Freedom. Philosophy of Management 9 (3): 5–25.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Dierksmeier, Claus, Wolfgang Amann, Ernst von Kimakowitz, Heiko Spitzeck, and Michael Pirson. 2011. Humanistic Ethics in the Age of Globality. In Humanism in Business Series 1. New York: Palgrave Macmillan.Google Scholar
  16. Dworkin, Ronald. 1977. Taking Rights Seriously. London: Duckworth.Google Scholar
  17. Dworkin, Gerald. 1988. The Theory and Practice of Autonomy. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Eisler, Riane, and David Loye. 1983. The "Failure" of Liberalism: A Reassessment of Ideology from a New Feminine-Masculine Perspective. Political Psychology 4 (2): 375–391.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Elegido, Juan. 2009. Business Education and Erosion of Character. African Journal of Business Ethics 4: 16–24.Google Scholar
  20. Elkington, John, and Pamela Hartigan. 2008. The Power of Unreasonable People: How Social Entrepreneurs Create Markets That Change the World. Boston: Harvard Business School Press.Google Scholar
  21. Feinberg, Joel. 1992. Freedom and Fulfillment: Philosophical Essays. Princeton: Princeton University Press.Google Scholar
  22. Friedman, Milton, and Rose D. Friedman. 1990. Free to Choose: A Personal Statement. San Diego: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich.Google Scholar
  23. Galbraith, John Kenneth. 2006. The Economics of Innocent Fraud. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.Google Scholar
  24. Habisch, André. 2011. Gesellschaftliches Unternehmertum – Blinder Fleck Wirtschafts- Und Sozialwissenschaftlicher Gemeinwohltheorien. In Social Entrepreneurship – Social Business: Für die Gesellschaft unternehmen, ed. Helga Hackenberg and Stefan Empter, 49–66. Wiesbaden: VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Hill, Lisa, and Elliot D. Cohen. 1999. Homo Economicus, Different Voices, and the Liberal Psyche. International Journal of Applied Philosophy 13 (1): 21–46.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Hühn, M.P. 2014. You Reap What You Sow: How MBA Programs Undermine Ethics. Journal of Business Ethics 121 (4): 527–541.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Jensen, Michael C., and William H. Meckling. 1976. Theory of the Firm: Managerial Behavior, Agency Costs and Ownership Structure. Journal of Financial Economics 3 (4): 305–360.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Kristjánsson, Kristján. 1996. Social Freedom: The Responsibility View. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Kymlicka, Will. 1989. Liberalism, Community and Culture. Oxford: Clarendon.Google Scholar
  30. Leisinger, Klaus M. 2007. Capitalism with a Human Face. Journal of Corporate Citizenship 2007 (28): 113–132.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. MacGilvray, Eric. 2011. The Invention of Market Freedom. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Miller, David. 1983. Constraints on Freedom. Ethics 94 (1): 66–86.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Mills, Claudia. 1998. Choice and Circumstance. Ethics 109 (1): 154–165.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Moosmayer, Dirk C. 2013. Die Intention betriebswirtschaftlicher Hochschullehrer zur Beeinflussung von Werten: Konzeptionelle Entwicklung und globale empirische Überprüfung (Markt und Konsum). Unspecified.Google Scholar
  35. Narveson, Jan. 1988. The Libertarian Idea. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.Google Scholar
  36. Nelson, Eric. 2005. Liberty: One Concept Too Many? Political Theory 33 (1): 58–78.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Nozick, Robert. 1975. Anarchy, State, and Utopia. Oxford: Blackwell.Google Scholar
  38. Nussbaum, Martha C. 2011. Creating Capabilities: The Human Development Approach. Cambridge: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Olsaretti, Serena. 2004. Liberty, Desert and the Market: A Philosophical Study. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Parijs, Philippe van. 1995. Real Freedom for All : What (If Anything) Can Justify Capitalism? Oxford; New York: Clarendon Press; Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  41. Pettit, Philip. 1997. Republicanism: A Theory of Freedom and Government. Oxford; New York: Clarendon Press; Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  42. Princen, Sebastiaan. 2004. Trading up in the Transatlantic Relationship. Journal of Public Policy 24 (1): 127–144.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Rothbard, Murray N. 1998. The Ethics of Liberty. New York: New York University Press.Google Scholar
  44. Sauvé, Kevin. 1995. Gauthier, Property Rights, and Future Generations. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 25 (2): 163–176.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Sen, Amartya. 2002. Rationality and Freedom. New Delhi: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  46. Sunstein, Cass R., and Richard H. Thaler. 2003. Libertarian Paternalism Is Not an Oxymoron. The University of Chicago Law Review 70 (4): 1159–1202.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Taylor, Charles. 1985. What’s Wrong with Negative Liberty? In Charles Taylor, ed. Philosophical Papers, 211–229. Cambrigde: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  48. Thaler, Richard H., and Cass R. Sunstein. 2003. Libertarian Paternalism. The American Economic Review 93 (2): 175–179.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Thrasher, John. 2014. John Tomasi: Free Market Fairness. Public Choice 159 (1–2): 309–311.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Tinder, Glenn E. 2007. Liberty: Rethinking an Imperiled Ideal. Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Pub.Google Scholar
  51. Venn, Ronald, and Nicola Berg. 2013. Building competitive advantage through social intrapreneurship. South Asian Journal of Global Business Research 2 (1): 104–127.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Young, Robert. 1986. Personal Autonomy: Beyond Negative and Positive Liberty. London: St. Martin’s Press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Weltethos InstitutUniversity of TübingenTübingenGermany

Personalised recommendations