A readout system for ground-based tests of the bismuth germanium oxide (BGO) calorimeter of the Dark Matter Particle Explorer satellite is described in this paper. The system mainly consists of a data acquisition board with a field-programmable gate array to implement the control logic, and a graphical user interface software based on LabWindows/CVI. The system has been successfully applied in a series of ground-based environmental experiments and almost all the performance tests throughout the entire manufacturing processes. These contribute significantly to the development of the BGO calorimeter before being submitted for satellite-level integration.
This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.
J. Chang, J.H. Adams, H.S. Ahn et al., An excess of cosmic ray electrons at energies of 300–800 GeV. Nature 456, 362–365 (2008). doi:10.1038/nature07477
L. Pieri, J. Lavalle, G. Bertone et al., Implications of high-resolution simulations on indirect dark matter searches. Phys. Rev. D 83, 023518 (2011). doi:10.1103/PhysRevD.83.023518
J. March-Rusell, S. West, WIMPonium and boost factors for indirect dark matter detection. Phys. Lett. B 676, 133–139 (2009). doi:10.1016/j.physletb.2009.04.010
M. Kamionkowski, Possible relics from new physics in the early universe: inflation, the cosmic microwave background, and particle dark matter. arXiv:astro-ph/9809214
D. Clowe, M. Bradac, A.H. Gonzalez et al., A direct empirical proof of the existence of dark matter. Astrophys. J. Lett. 648, L109 (2006). doi:10.1086/508162
S. Cripps, Dark matters [microwave bytes]. IEEE Microw. Mag. 12, 24–29 (2011). doi:10.1109/MMM.2011.941409
C. Feng, D. Zhang, J. Zhang et al., Design of the readout electronics for the BGO calorimeter of DAMPE mission. IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 62, 3117–3125 (2015). doi:10.1109/TNS.2015.2479091
J. Guo, M. Cai, Y. Hu et al., Readout electronics design of prototype of BGO calorimeter in Chinese space detector for Dark Matter Particle. Sci. Sin. 53, 72–79 (2012)
Z. Zhang, Y. Zhang, J. Dong et al., Design of a high dynamic range photomultiplier base board for the BGO ECAL of DAMPE. Nucl. Instrum. Meth. A 780, 21–26 (2015). doi:10.1016/j.nima.2015.01.036
Y. Zhang, B. Li, C. Feng et al., A high dynamic range readout unit for a calorimeter. Chin. Phys. C 36, 71 (2012)
IDEAS Inc. Norway, VA160 Datasheet. http://ideas.no/
IDEAS Inc. Norway, VATA160 Datasheet. http://ideas.no/
S. Gao, C. Feng, D. Jiang et al., Radiation tolerance studies on the VA32 ASIC for DAMPE BGO calorimeter. Nucl. Sci. Tech. 25, 010402 (2014). doi:10.13538/j.1001-8042/nst.25.010402
S. Ma, C. Feng, Z. Shen et al., A ground automatic testing system for the BGO calorimeter of dark matter particle explorer satellite. J. Nucl. Tech. 38, 120403 (2015). doi:10.11889/j.0253-3219.2015.hjs.38.120403. (in Chinese)
Y. Huang, S. Liu, C. Feng et al., The data acquisition software based on LabWindows/CVI in pre-research system of dark matter particles detection in space. Nucl. Electron. Detection Technol. 32, 407–411 (2012). doi:10.3969/j.issn.0258-0934.2012.04.009. (in Chinese)
J. Dong, Y. Zhang, S. Wen et al., Development of an automatic test system for the PMTs used in the BGO ECAL of DAMPE. PoS(ICRC2015)1195
D. Zhang, C. Feng, J. Zhang et al., Onboard calibration circuit for the front-end electronics of DAMPE BGO calorimeter. Chin. Phys. C 40, 56101 (2016). doi:10.1088/1674-1137/40/5/056101
Z. Zhang, C. Wang, J. Dong et al., The calibration and electron energy reconstruction of the BGO ECAL of the DAMPE detector. Nucl. Instrum. Meth. A 836, 98–104 (2016). doi:10.1016/j.nima.2016.08.015
Z. Li, Z. Zhang, Y. Wei et al., Energy correction for the BGO calorimeter of DAMPE using an electron beam. Chin. Phys. C 40, 086202 (2016)
Y. Wei, Z. Zhang, Y. Zhang et al., Temperature dependence calibration and correction of the DAMPE BGO electronmagnetic calorimeter. arXiv:1604.08060
Y. Wei, Z. Zhang, Y. Zhang et al., Performance of the BGO detector element of the DAMPE calorimeter. IEEE Trans. Nucl. Sci. 63, 548–551 (2016). doi:10.1109/TNS.2016.2541690
We would like to thank Dr. Yunlong Zhang, Dr. Zhiyong Zhang, and Dr. Yifeng Wei for helpful discussions and useful suggestions. We would also like to thank all the colleagues from DAMPE collaboration who helped make this work possible. This work was supported in part by the CAS Center for Excellence in Particle Physics (CCEPP).
This work was supported by the Strategic Priority Research Program on Space Science of Chinese Academy of Sciences (No. XDA04040202-4) and the National Basic Research Program (973 Program) of China (No. 2010CB833002).
Rights and permissions
About this article
Cite this article
Zhang, JB., Feng, CQ., Ma, SY. et al. Readout system for ground-based tests of BGO calorimeter of DAMPE satellite. NUCL SCI TECH 28, 143 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s41365-017-0297-5
- BGO calorimeter
- Readout system