Skip to main content

Control methods of the olive leaf gall midge (Dasineura oleae Angelini, Cecidomyiidae, Diptera) and potential implementation of integrated control programs in olive orchards


The olive leaf gall midge (Dasineura oleae) is a gall-inducing insect on leaves, branches and stems of flowers of olive trees. Heavy infestation with the insect causes significant reduction in olive production. The outbreak of the insect occurs in various local regions of olive production in the Mediterranean countries since 2010 causing serious damage on infested trees. No previous revisions have been made on the control measures of D. oleae, and no specific integrated control programs of this insect were implemented to manage the insect outbreak. Therefore, the present review aimed at, first, revising and discussing the research conducted on the control measures of D. oleae and then suggesting a specific integrated control program for a better management of this insect during the outbreaks. The suggested program is mainly relying on biological control of D. oleae using native parasitoids as the main component. The other components of the program (e.g., using yellow sticky traps, pruning infested olive organs with the insect then burning them, and irrigating trees properly during the hot months of summer and fall seasons) should be applied if the suppression of the insect population by the native parasitoids is not enough. This review discusses the potential implementation of the suggested program and provides some conclusions and recommendations for guiding and improving the future research on this pest.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1

(Modified from Batta and Doğanlar 2020)

Availability of data and materials

All data analyzed during this study are included in this submitted article.

Code availability

Software application or custom code.


  • Al-Tamimi MMA (1997) Population trends of olive leaf midge Dasineura oleae Loew (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) and the effect of some insecticides on the midge and its parasites in Amman district. NCARE, Jordan, p 77

    Google Scholar 

  • Angelini B (1831) Degli insetti nocivi all´ulivo nella provincial Veronese. Memoria I, vol 12. Memoria Accademia Agricoltura commercio arti, Verona, pp 295–357

  • Avidov Z, Harpaz I (1969) Plant pest of Israel. Israel University Press, Jerusalem, p 549

    Google Scholar 

  • Baidaq Z (2010) Biological Development of Olive leaf midge Dasineura oleae F. Löew. (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) and its parasites under the conditions of Syrian coast. MSc thesis, Plant Protection, Faculty of Agriculture, Tishreen University, Lattakia, Syria, p 84

  • Baidaq ZM, Ramadhane AM, Tara RA (2015) Biological synchronization of the endo-parasitoid Platygaster demades Walker (Hymenoptera: Platygasteridae) with its host the olive leaf midge Dasineura oleae F. Loew (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae). Int J Agric Environ Sci 2(3):1–8

    Google Scholar 

  • Batta Y (2019) New findings on infestation and phenology of Dasineura oleae Angelini (Diptera, Cecidomyiidae): an emerging pest on olive trees in the Palestinian Territories. J Plant Dis Prot 126(1):55–66

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Batta Y (2020) Study of natural enemies of olive leaf gall midge (Dasineura oleae Angelini, Diptera, Cecidomyiidae) as an emerging pest on olive trees in Palestine. An-Najah Univ J Res (nat Sci) 34(1):11–30

    Google Scholar 

  • Batta Y, Doğanlar M (2020) Olive leaf gall midge (Dasineura oleae Angelini, Diptera, Cecidomyiidae): determination of olive tree infestation rates and quantification of parasitism by indigenous parasitoids. J Plant Dis Prot 127(1):91–101

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Caselli A, Angeli S, Favaro R, Petacchi R (2019) Chemical ecology of Dasineura oleae: searching for the sexual pheromone. In: Proceedings of the European PhD network "insect science" 4–6 December 2019, Genova, Italy

  • Caselli A, Francini A, Minnocci A, Petacchi R (2020) Dasineura oleae: morphological and physiological characterization following the midge attack on olive leaves. J Plant Dis Prot.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Darvas B, Skuhravá M, Andersen P (2000) Agricultural dipteran pests of the Palaearctic region. In: Papp L, Darvas B (eds) Contributions to a manual of Palaearctic Diptera. General and applied dipterology, vol 1. Science Herald, Budapest, pp 565–650

    Google Scholar 

  • Doğanlar M (2011) Parasitoid complex of the olive leaf gall midges, Dasineura oleae (Angelini 1831) and Lasioptera oleicola Skuhravá (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) in Hatay Turkey, with descriptions of new genus and species from Tetrastichinae (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae). Türk Entomol Derg 35(2):245–264

    Google Scholar 

  • Doğanlar M, Lasalle J, Sertkaya E, Doğanlar O (2009) A new species of Quadrastichus Girault, 1913 (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae: Tetrastichinae) on larvae of the olive leaf gall midge from Hatay, Turkey. Turk J Zool 33:309–314

    Google Scholar 

  • Doğanlar M, Sertkaya E, Skuhrava M (2011) Pest status of olive leaf gall midge Dasineura oleae (Angelini, 1831), description of Lasioptera oleicola Skuhravá sp. new (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) and effectiveness of parasitoids on their populations in Hatay, Turkey. Türk Entomol Derg 35(2):265–284

    Google Scholar 

  • Doğanlar M, Vatansever-Sakin G, Laz B (2020) Four new species of Zeytinus Doğanlar, 2011 (Hymenoptera: Eulophidae: Tetrastichinae) from Turkey and a redescription of the type species, Zeytinus hatayensis Doğanlar, 2011. Türk Biyo Mücadele Derg 11(1):103–117

    Google Scholar 

  • EPPO (2012) Efficacy evaluation of insecticides, Bactrocera oleae-bait application. Bull OEPP/EPPO 42:431–433

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Fouskitakis G, Doitsidis L, Varikou K, et al (2017) Integrated pest control for the olive-fruit fly: remote pest monitoring and optimized bait-sprays. In: Proceedings of the 8th international conference on information and communication technologies in agriculture, food and environment (HAICTA 2017), Chania, Greece, 21–24 September, 2017

  • Haber G, Mifsud D (2007) Pests and diseases associated with olive trees in the Maltese islands (Central Mediterranean). Pests and diseases associated with olive trees in the Maltese islands (Central Mediterranean). Cent Mediter Nat 4(3):143–161

    Google Scholar 

  • Iordanou N (1982) Chemical control of the olive midge, Dasyneura oleae Low., in Cyprus. Agricultural research Institute, Ministry of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Nicosia, Cyprus, p 3

    Google Scholar 

  • Katlabi HS (1979) Essais de lutte chimique contre la Cecidomyie des fenilles de l'olivier, Dasyneura oleae (F.L.W.) en Syrie. "L'OLlVIEUR" DO. 4., juillet-aout

  • Perdikis D, Arvaniti K, Malliaraki S, Angelak A (2015) The outbreak of the olive leaf gall midge populations and the importance of indigenous natural enemies in its control. In: 7th Meeting on integrated protection of olive crops, Kalamata, Greece 11–14 May 2015. lOBC/wprs WG

  • Rowley C, Cherrill AJ, Leather SR, Hall DR, Rope TW (2018) Factors affecting trap catch in pheromone-based monitoring of saddle gall midge Haplodiplosis marginata (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae). Pest Manag Sci 74(2):406–412.

    Article  CAS  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  • Schmid RB, Knutson A, Giles KL, McCornack BP (2018) Hessian Fly (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) biology and management in wheat. J Integr Pest Manag 9(1):1–12.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Simoglou KB, Karataraki A, Roditakis NE, Roditakis E (2012) Euzophera bigella (Zeller) (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) and Dasineura oleae (F. Low) (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae): Emerging olive crop pests in the Mediterranean? J Pest Sci 85(2):169–177

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Tondini E, Petacchi R (2019) First observation on the parasitoid complex and on the biology of Dasineura oleae during and outbreak in Tuscany, Italy. Bull Insectol 72(1):93–102

    Google Scholar 

Download references


Many thanks for the native English speaker who helped in editing the English of this manuscript.


The present work was financially supported by “the deanship of scientific research at An-Najah National University” under Grant [Ref. number: ANNU-1920-Sc017].

Author information

Authors and Affiliations



The author prepared the manuscript of the paper and revised it, and then he read and approved the final version.

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Yacoub Batta.

Ethics declarations

Conflict of interest

The author declares that he has no competing of interests.

Ethics approval

Not applicable.

Consent to participate

Not applicable.

Consent for publication

Not applicable.

Additional information

Publisher's Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Check for updates. Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Batta, Y. Control methods of the olive leaf gall midge (Dasineura oleae Angelini, Cecidomyiidae, Diptera) and potential implementation of integrated control programs in olive orchards. J Plant Dis Prot 128, 1393–1401 (2021).

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI: