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Biocontrol-based management of fall armyworm, Spodoptera frugiperda (J E Smith) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) on Indian Maize

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Abstract

Spodoptera frugiperda (J E Smith) (fall armyworm) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), is a key pest of maize that has recently entered in India causing damage and yield loss. A biocontrol-based integrated pest management (IPM) strategy was designed and evaluated in farmer’s field during rabi and kharif season (2018–2019). IPM strategy comprising installation of controlled release FAW pheromone traps, four releases of Trichogramma pretiosum Riley, two sprays of neem oil, one spray of each Bacillus thuringiensis (NBAIR-BT25) and Metarizium anisopliae (NBAIR Ma-35) resulted in 76 and 71.64% egg mass; 80 and 74.44% larval population reduction at 60 days after treatment during rabi and kharif season, respectively. Cob yield per acre in biocontrol-based IPM field was higher than the farmer’s practice (6–7 sprays of emamectin benzoate 5% SG) during both the seasons, and it resulted in 38.3 and 42.29% gain in yield per acre during rabi and kharif, respectively. Therefore, this module forms a base to manage the fall armyworm in an eco-friendly and farmer friendly manner. Future research with other alternatives has also been discussed.

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Acknowledgements

The authors would like to thank Indian Council of Agricultural Research and to Dr. Chandish R. Ballal, Director ICAR-NBAIR for providing research facilities. Authors are also thankful to the farmer friend, Mr. Srinivas for making his field available for the study and support. The financial grant received from CABI under a collaborative project is gratefully acknowledged.

Funding

This study was funded by CABI UK collaborative project “Emergency response to address Fall Armyworm (Spodoptera frugiperda) in India through deployment of proven IPM Technologies for its management”.

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Contributions

NB and RV were involved in conceptualization; ANS and NB helped in funding acquisition; RR and BR contributed to biopesticides isolates; RV and YL were involved in egg parasitoid multiplication; NB and KS contributed to pheromone traps; RV, BP, AR, VA were involved in farmer's field experiment and data recording; RV helped in data analysis and preparation of manuscript; BR, NB, KS, RR, MC and VP contributed to review and editing manuscript; and all authors have read and approved the final manuscript.

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Correspondence to Richa Varshney.

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The authors have not found any potential conflicts of interest, and all ethical aspects are considered.

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This manuscript does not contain any studies with human participants or animals performed by any of the authors.

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The datasets used and/or analysed during the current study are available from the corresponding author on reasonable request.

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Varshney, R., Poornesha, B., Raghavendra, A. et al. Biocontrol-based management of fall armyworm, Spodoptera frugiperda (J E Smith) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) on Indian Maize. J Plant Dis Prot 128, 87–95 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s41348-020-00357-3

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