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Journal of Plant Diseases and Protection

, Volume 125, Issue 3, pp 239–249 | Cite as

Chilli leaf curl virus disease: a serious threat for chilli cultivation

  • Hament Thakur
  • Salesh Kumar Jindal
  • Abhishek Sharma
  • Major Singh Dhaliwal
Review

Abstract

Chilli pepper or hot pepper (Capsicum annuum L.,) is an important spice and vegetable crop of family Solanaceae. Chilli is susceptible to various pathogens involving viruses, which cause heavy production losses. So far 65 viruses have been reported throughout the world including begomoviruses causing chilli leaf curl virus disease (ChiLCVD). ChiLCVD is the most destructive virus disease in terms of incidence and yield loss. The disease can be identified by typical upward leaf curling, crinkling, puckering and reduction in leaf area along with stunting of whole plants. It is transmitted by the whitefly Bemisia tabaci in persistent manner. Conventional plant breeding techniques remain the major antiviral strategy so far for the development of resistant chilli varieties. Recently, the concern about viral DNA methylation, activation of gene silencing machinery and ubiquitination-mediated defence against begomoviruses has been reported. Although a number of insecticides had been effectively used to manage this pest in the past, it is able to develop resistance very rapidly. This review provides an overview of ChiLCVD, virus vector relationship, its genome organization, replication, resistant sources, present status of its spread in different regions of India and strategies employed for controlling it.

Keywords

Chilli Leaf curl virus Threat 

Notes

Acknowledgements

Authors are thankful to Confederation of Indian Industry, Department of Science and Technology and Verdenta Hybrid Seeds Pvt. Ltd. for providing Prime Minister’s Fellowship to Hament Thakur.

Funding

This work is funded by Research Grant Number NASF/ABP-5018/2016-17 from National Agriculture Science Fund (Indian Council of Agricultural Research).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

All the authors hereby declare that they have no conflict of interest for this manuscript. They hereby give their consent to publish this manuscript and are equally responsible and accountable.

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Copyright information

© Deutsche Phytomedizinische Gesellschaft 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hament Thakur
    • 1
  • Salesh Kumar Jindal
    • 1
  • Abhishek Sharma
    • 1
  • Major Singh Dhaliwal
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Vegetable SciencePunjab Agricultural UniversityLudhianaIndia

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