Fusarium infection of malting barley has to be managed over the entire value chain
- 175 Downloads
Fusarium head blight of malting barley is difficult to diagnose and difficult to prevent by crop protection measures. However, Fusarium species cause severe problems in processing barley grain and cause contaminations of malt and malt products with fungal toxins and possibly with toxin derivates. Therefore, we briefly summarize at which stage of malt production Fusarium infections cause which kind of problems and how such problems can be possibly managed in future malt production practice. We argue for a stronger focus on innovative diagnostics and development of appropriate crop protection measures to prevent problems Fusarium species cause once infected barley grain has entered the value chain.
KeywordsBarley Breeding Brewing Fusarium Malt Mycotoxin Stakeholder
Recent research on Fusarium head blight of barley in the group of R.H. was supported by project AiF 17221 N within the programme for promoting the Industrial Collective Research (IGF) of the German Ministry of Economics and Energy (BMWi) and is currently supported by the Bavarian State Ministry of the Environment and Consumer Protection in frame of the project network BayKlimaFit (subproject 10).
- Beccari, G., Caproni, L., Tini, F., Uhlig, S., & Covarelli, L. (2016). Presence of Fusarium species and other toxigenic fungi in malting barley and multi-mycotoxin analysis by liquid chromatography-high-resolution mass spectrometry. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 64, 4390–4399.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Huang, Y., Millett, B. P., Beaubien, K. A., Dahl, S. K., Steffenson, B. J., Smith, K. P., et al. (2013). Haplotype diversity and population structure in cultivated and wild barley evaluated for Fusarium head blight responses. Theoretical and Applied Genetics, 126, 619–636.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
- Linkmeyer, A., Hofer, K., Rychlik, M., Herz, M., Hausladen, H., Huckelhoven, R., et al. (2016). Influence of inoculum and climatic factors on the severity of Fusarium head blight in German spring and winter barley. Food Additives and Contaminants Part A-Chemistry Analysis Control Exposure & Risk Assessment, 33, 489–499.Google Scholar
- Schoneberg, T., Martin, C., Wettstein, F. E., Bucheli, T. D., Mascher, F., Bertossa, M., et al. (2016). Fusarium and mycotoxin spectra in Swiss barley are affected by various cropping techniques. Food Additives and Contaminants Part A-Chemistry Analysis Control Exposure & Risk Assessment, 33, 1608–1619.Google Scholar
- Waller, F., Achatz, B., Baltruschat, H., Fodor, J., Becker, K., Fischer, M., et al. (2005). The endophytic fungus Piriformospora indica reprograms barley to salt-stress tolerance, disease resistance, and higher yield. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 102, 13386–13391.CrossRefPubMedPubMedCentralGoogle Scholar