Spatial Information Research

, Volume 27, Issue 2, pp 227–236 | Cite as

Analyzing spatial distribution and accessibility of primary schools in Bishoftu Town, Ethiopia

  • Dejene Tesema BultiEmail author
  • Tulu Besha Bedada
  • Leta Getahun Diriba


Education is a major force in economic, social and cultural empowerment. Primary education is compulsory, and the first stage in the education system of Ethiopia, and urges the provision of accessible service. However, presently, it is unclear that how well the services have been distributed and accessed in Bishoftu town, Ethiopia. For this primary schools in the town are considered and their spatial distribution and accessibility to the residents are explored using geographic information system as a tool for analysis. Location quotient and nearest neighbor analysis have been used to analyze spatial concentration and spatial distribution pattern of the schools, respectively. Computing service areas using road network distance and population density, the spatial accessibility of the schools has been compared and contrasted with standards in planning guide. As a result, inequality of service provision between neighboring areas in the town is found and the overall spatial distribution of the schools shows a clustered pattern. In addition, 23.9% of the residents are expected to travel more than twice of the maximum standard distance, indicates the current service provision is inadequate. The limitation is due to the combined effect of population distribution, spatial variables, socio-economic, and absence of regular monitoring and evaluation. The study would support the planning efforts being made to improve service provision, and it helps the government in formulating effective policies to the context.


Accessibility Spatial distribution Spatial concentration GIS Urban service Neighborhood analysis 



We would like to thank the anonymous reviewers and the editor for their genuine comments and corrections which helps the paper to be in its present form.


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Copyright information

© Korean Spatial Information Society 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dejene Tesema Bulti
    • 1
    Email author
  • Tulu Besha Bedada
    • 2
  • Leta Getahun Diriba
    • 3
  1. 1.Ethiopian Institute of Architecture, Building Construction, and City DevelopmentAddis Ababa UniversityAddis AbabaEthiopia
  2. 2.Addis Ababa UniversityAddis AbabaEthiopia
  3. 3.Land Administration DepartmentAdama City AdministrationAdamaEthiopia

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