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Climate change and vulnerability assessment in Mousuni Island: South 24 Parganas District

Abstract

This paper is an endeavor to assess the impact of climate change on physical, ecological and socio economic vulnerability of Mousuni Island which is one of the 10 most vulnerable ocean-confronting Islands in South 24 Parganas District of West Bengal according to WWF India, 2010. Landsat imageries have been analyzed to identify shoreline changes; Spectral Radiance Model and Split Window Algorithm have been executed for land surface temperature change analysis and supervised classification is employed for detecting landuse alteration. Flood prone area has been worked out from modified normalized difference water index and SRTM DEM dataset. Normalized difference vegetation index and normalized difference salinity index are also employed to find out change in forest cover and salinity respectively. Socio-economic vulnerability has been identified by primary survey and secondary data sources. The result indicates that climate change causes vulnerability of life processes of rural folk forcing them to become ecological refugees.

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Notes

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Acknowledgements

We thank the editor and the anonymous reviewers of the journal for their valuable comments and assistance in improvement of the paper. We also thank Rahaman Ashique Ilahi, Project Assistant, Burdwan University to help us with RS, GIS techniques.

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Correspondence to Nabanita Mukherjee.

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Mukherjee, N., Siddique, G. Climate change and vulnerability assessment in Mousuni Island: South 24 Parganas District. Spat. Inf. Res. 26, 163–174 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s41324-018-0168-0

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s41324-018-0168-0

Keywords

  • Climate change
  • Vulnerability
  • Flood
  • MNDWI
  • NDVI
  • NDSI