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Effect of Grafted and Dyed Polyamide Nets on the Adhesion of Three Marine Bacterial Strains

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Abstract

Marine biofouling seriously affects the field of aquaculture. On the one hand, it causes structural fatigue of nets and on the other hand, it has harmful consequences on the health of farmed species. The aims of this study were to develop antibacterial nets using methacrylic acid and dyes. At first, polyamide 6.6 nets were grafted with methacrylic acid following two methods and dyed with 3 specific dyes. Then, modified nets were evaluated with SEM and XPS to obtain morphological and chemical information. Moreover, the antibacterial activity of nets was assessed against three bacterial strains at a laboratory scale and at a real scale by calculating the Colonies Forming Units (CFU) / gram. All treated nets showed an inhibition level higher than 65%. Besides, nets dyed with direct dye Tubantin and grafted with MA after plasma activation, showed an inhibition level higher than 95%. Also, nets modified with MA after plasma and reactive dye Bezaktiv S showed the best antifouling activity against three bacteria strains.

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Acknowledgements

We would like to thank Mr. Yannick Toueixe, Mr. Christophe Lamberte and Mr. Valentin Foulone for explaining the bacteriological part and for giving their support.

Funding

This research was partially funded by the Laboratory of Textile Engineering LGTex of ISET Ksar Hellal in Tunisia, Quebec University Hospital Research Center (CHU) and the Laboratory of Sciences of Marine Environment (LEMAR, Brest, France).

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I. Amara conceived and planned the biological experiments with the help of Y. Toueix, M. Fauchon, C. Lambert and V. Foulon. I. Amara conceived and planned the other experiments with the help of W. Miled, R. BenSlama and N. Ladhari. I. Amara carried out the experiments. I. Amara wrote this manuscript which was revised by W. Miled and N. Ladhari. I. Amara, W. Miled, N. Ladhari, D. Mantovani and C. Hellio investigated and supervised the findings of this work. All authors discussed the results and contributed to the final manuscript.

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Correspondence to Intissar Amara.

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Amara, I., Miled, W., Slama, R.B. et al. Effect of Grafted and Dyed Polyamide Nets on the Adhesion of Three Marine Bacterial Strains. Thalassas 39, 1071–1083 (2023). https://doi.org/10.1007/s41208-023-00555-4

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s41208-023-00555-4

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