Length-Weight Relationships of Fifty Fish Species from Indian Waters

Abstract

Length-weight relationships (LWRs) were estimated for 50 fish species belonging to 14 families from Indian waters. During the fishery surveys, specimens were collected from various fishing gears such as ring seines, gill nets, trawls and long lines between 2015 and 2017. The number of specimens measured varied by species. All the values of the parameter b were found within the expected range of 2.53.5. The b values in the relationships, W = aLb varied between 2.562 (Stolephorus insularis) and 3.461 (Auxis thazard) with mean value of 3.032 (SE = ± 0.029). The LWRs of all the 50 fish species estimated in this study were highly significant (p < 0.001, r2 ≥ 0.850). The study provides the first estimate of LWRs for Scomber indicus, Sphyraena arabiansis and Upeneus margarethae, and complements the existing LWRs in the international literature and FishBase database. In addition, this study reports the new maximum size for Nematalosa nasus (28.5 cm TL, 281 g TW), Scomberoides commersonnianus (122 cm TL, 11400.5 g TW), Scomberoides tol (56 cm TL, 1000 g TW), Alepes djedaba (33.5 cm TL, 343.8 g TW) and Upeneus margarethae (19 cm TL, 87 g TW). This study provides basic biological information in the form of a length-weight key for 50 commercially important fish species from Indian waters as a valuable tool to assist fishery managers.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Fig. 1

References

  1. Abdurahiman KP, Nayak TH, Zacharia PU, Mohamed KS (2004) Length-weight relationship of commercially important marine fishes and shellfishes of the southern coast of Karnataka, India. NAGA, World Fish Centre Quart 27(1 & 2):9–14

  2. Abdussamad EM, Retheesh TB, Thangaraja R, Bineesh KK, Prakasan D (2015) Sphyraena arabiansis a new species of barracuda (Family: Sphyraenidae) from the south-west coast of India. Indian J Fish 62(2):1–6

    Google Scholar 

  3. Abdussamad EM, Sukumaran S, Ratheesh AKO, Koya KM, Koya KPS, Rohit P, Reader S, Akhilesh KV, Gopalakrishnan A (2016) Scomber indicus, a new species of mackerel (Scombridae: Scombrini) from Eastern Arabian Sea. Indian J Fish 61(3):1–10

    Google Scholar 

  4. Anderson R, Gutreuter S (1983) Length, weight and associated structural indices. In: Nielsen L, Johnson D (eds) Fisheries Techniques. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, pp 283–300

    Google Scholar 

  5. Bagenal TB, Tesch FW (1978) Age and growth, p. 101–136. In T. Bagenal (ed.). Methods for assessment of fish production in fresh waters. IBP Handbook No. 3, Blackwell, Oxford, England.https://doi.org/10.1002/iroh.19690540313

  6. Doiuchi R, Nakabo T (2005) The Sphyraena obtusata group (Perciformes: Sphyraenidae) with a description of a new species from southern Japan. Ichthyol Res 52(2):132–151. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10228-004-0263-1

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. Fischer W, Bianchi G (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51), Vol 1–6, FAO, Rome

  8. Fischer W, Whitehead PJP (eds) (1974) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes.Eastern Indian Ocean (fishing area 57) and Western Central Pacific (fishing area 71). Vols 1–4. Rome, FAO

  9. Froese R (2006) Cube law, condition factor and weight-length relationships: History, meta-analysis and recommendations. J Appl Ichthyol 22:241–253. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0426.2006.00805.x

    Article  Google Scholar 

  10. Froese R, Pauly D (eds) (2020) FishBase 2020, version (February, 2020).World Wide Web electronic publication. Retrieved from http://www.fishbase.org

  11. Froese R, Tsikliras AC, Stergiou KI (2011) Editorial note on weight-length relations of fishes. Acta Ichthyol Piscat 41:261–263. https://doi.org/10.3750/AIP2011.41.4.01

    Article  Google Scholar 

  12. Herath HMTNB, Radampola K, Herath SS (2014) Morphological variation and length weight relationship of Oreochromis mossambicus in three brackish water systems of Southern Sri Lanka. Int J Res Agric Food Sci 2(2):11–22. https://doi.org/10.13140/2.1.1369.9207

    Article  Google Scholar 

  13. Huxley JS (1932) Problems of relative growth, 276. pp. Methuen & Co., London. https://doi.org/10.1038/129775a0

  14. Karna SK (2017) Length–weight and length–length relationship of Thryssa purava (Hamilton, 1822), Thryssa polybranchialisWongratana, 1983 and Thryssa mystax (Bloch & Schneider, 1801) from Chilika lagoon, India. J Appl Ichthyol 33(6):1284–1286. https://doi.org/10.1111/jai.13503

    Article  Google Scholar 

  15. Kumar U, Rajaee AH, Idris MH, Nesarul MH, Siddique MAM, Abu Hena MK (2018) Length-weight relationships of Secutor interruptus (Valencennes, 1835) and Opisthopterus tardoore (Cuvier, 1829) from the South China Sea, Sarawak. J Appl Ichthyol 34(3):703–705. https://doi.org/10.1111/jai.13551

    Article  Google Scholar 

  16. Le Cren ED (1951) The length-weight relationship and seasonal cycle in gonad weight and condition in the perch (Perca fluviatilis). J Anim Ecol 20(2):201–219. https://doi.org/10.2307/1540

    Article  Google Scholar 

  17. Mayrat A (1970) Allometrieettaxinomie. Rév Stat Appl 18:47–58

    Google Scholar 

  18. Myers N, Mittermeier R, Mittermeier GC, Dafonseca GAB, Kent J (2000) Biodiversity hotspots for conservation priorities. Nature 403:853–858. https://doi.org/10.1038/35002501

    Article  Google Scholar 

  19. Pauly D (1993) Fishbyte section editorial. Naga ICLARM Quarterly 16:26

    Google Scholar 

  20. Perkins MJ, Mak YK, Law CS, Tao LS, Yau JK, Leung KM (2019) Length-weight relationships of 79 marine fish species from the coastal waters of Hong Kong. J Appl Ichthyol 35(3):779–788. https://doi.org/10.1111/jai.13865

    Article  Google Scholar 

  21. Quinn IIT, Deriso RB (1999) Quantitative Fish Dynamics. Oxford University Press, New York

    Google Scholar 

  22. Richter H, Lückstädt C, Focken U, Becker K (2000) An improved procedure to assess fish condition on the basis of length-weight relationships. Arch Fish Mar Res 48(2):255–264

    Google Scholar 

  23. Ricker W (1975) Computation and interpretation of biological statistics of fish population. Bulletin of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada 191:1–382

    Google Scholar 

  24. Roul SK, Akhil AR, Retheesh TB, Prakasan D, Ganga U, Abdussamad EM, Rohit P (2017a) Length–weight relationships of three fish species from Kerala waters, south-west coast of India. J Appl Ichthyol 33(6):1308–1309. https://doi.org/10.1111/jai.13485

    Article  Google Scholar 

  25. Roul SK, Retheesh TB, Prakasan D, Abdussamad EM, Rohit P (2017b) Length-weight relationship of Thryssa malabarica (Bloch, 1795) and Thryssa dayi Wongratana, 1983 from Kerala, southwest coast of India. J Appl Ichthyol 33(6):1247–1248. https://doi.org/10.1111/jai.13441

    Article  Google Scholar 

  26. Roul SK, Kumar RR, Ganga U, Rohit P (2017c) Length–weight relationship of Rastrelliger brachysoma (Bleeker, 1851) and Rastrelliger faughni Matsui, 1967 from the Andaman Islands, India. J Appl Ichthyol 33(6):1266–1267. https://doi.org/10.1111/jai.13469

    Article  Google Scholar 

  27. Roul SK, Retheesh TB, Ganga U, Abdussamad EM, Rohit P, Jaiswar AK (2018) Length-weight relationships of five needlefish species from Kerala waters, south‐west coast of India. J Appl Ichthyol 34(1):190–192. https://doi.org/10.1111/jai.13527

    Article  Google Scholar 

  28. Roul SK, Kumar R, Jaiswar AK, Retheesh TB, Akhil AR, Prakasan D, Ganga U, Abdussamad EM, Shenoy L, Rohit P (2019) Biometric analysis of the flat needlefish Ablennes hians (Valenciennes, 1846) (Pisces: Belonidae) in the south-eastern Arabian Sea. Indian J Mar Sci 48(4):457–463

    Google Scholar 

  29. Safran P (1992) Theoretical analysis of the weight-length relationships in fish juveniles. Mar Biol 112(4):545–551. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00346171

    Article  Google Scholar 

  30. Shingleton AW (2010) Allometry: the study of biological Scaling. Nature Education Knowledge 3(10):2. www.nature.com/scitable/knowledge/library/allometry-the-study-of-biological-scaling-13228439; version (05/2013)

  31. Shingleton AW, Estep CM, Driscoll MV. Dworkin I (2009) Many ways to be small: different environmental regulators of size generate distinct scaling relationships in Drosophila melanogaster. Proc R Soc B 276:2625–2633. https://doi.org/10.1098/rspb.2008.1796

    Article  Google Scholar 

  32. Sokal R, Rohlf F (1987) Introduction to Biostatistics. Freeman, New York

    Google Scholar 

  33. Tesch FW (1971) Age and growth. In: Ricker WE (ed) Methods for assessment of fish production in fresh waters. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, pp 99–130

    Google Scholar 

  34. Türker D, Zengin K, Tünay ÖK (2018) Length-Weight Relationships for Nine Chondrichthyes Fish Species from Edremit Bay (North Aegean Sea). Turk J Fish Aquat Sc 19(1):71–79. https://doi.org/10.4194/1303-2712-v19_1_09

    Article  Google Scholar 

  35. Uiblein F, Heemstra PC (2010) A taxonomic review of the Western Indian Ocean goatfishes of the genus Upeneus (Family Mullidae), with descriptions of four new species. Smithiana Bull 11:35–71. https://doi.org/10.1080/17451000.2013.850515

    Article  Google Scholar 

  36. Wang JQ, Huang LM, Li J, Zhang YZ, Zhu GP, Chen XJ (2016) Length–weight relationships of 45 fish species in the Min River Estuary, East China Sea. J Appl Ichthyol 32(1):131–133. https://doi.org/10.1111/jai.12910

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgements

The authors are highly grateful to Dr. A. Gopalakrishnan, Director, ICAR-CMFRI, Cochin for providing all necessary facilities and constant support during the entire study period.

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Subal Kumar Roul.

Ethics declarations

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

This article does not contain any experimental studies with animals performed by any of the authors.

Additional information

Publisher’s Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Roul, S.K., Akhil, A.R., Retheesh, T.B. et al. Length-Weight Relationships of Fifty Fish Species from Indian Waters. Thalassas 36, 309–314 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s41208-020-00223-x

Download citation

Keywords

  • Length-weight relationships
  • Indian waters
  • Isometric growth
  • Allometric growth