Skip to main content

New Distributional Record of Oblique-barred Monocle Bream Scolopsis xenochrous, Günther, 1872 (Perciformes: Nemipteridae) from Wadge Bank of Southeastern Arabian Sea


The present study reports the Scolopsis xenochrous Günther, 1872 off Vizhinjam coast, from Wadge Bank, Southeastern Arabian Sea. Four specimens of S. xenochrous were collected at a depth of 20 to 30 m by a gill net operated by traditional fishing craft. The morphometric and molecular identification characters of the verified specimens are described. The most of the morphometric measurement and meristic counts were confirmed with earlier explanation of S. xenochrous: Totally 45–46 lateral line scale, caudal fin deeply forked and upper lobe slightly lengthier than the lower lob and produced into a short or moderately long filament. Further, it has six oblique rows with thirty-two numbers of brown spots and an elongate white to bluish blotch below the lateral line. The present Indian specimen’s sequences were compared with other sequences of the S. xenochrous and other species of this genus obtained from the NCBI, BOLD, and Cryobank. The overall level of intra-species genetic distances was 2.7%, between Taiwan, Indonesia and Philippines were showed 0.0-0.5% of variation except for KY362992. The present study revealed the first record for the Wadge Bank coast of Southeastern Arabian Sea.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4


  • Arvedlund M (2009) First records of unusual marine fish distributions—can they predict climate changes?. J Mar Biol Assoc of the UK 89(4):863-866

  • Barman RP, Mishra SS (2009) A pictorial guide to the fishes of the family Nemipteridae of India. Zoological Survey of India, Kolkata, India Eschmeyer, W.N. (ed.) (2000). Catalogue of fishes. Updated database version of November 2000

  • Evermann BW, Seale A (1907) Fishes of the Philippine Islands (No. 607). US Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C.

  • Felsenstein J (1985) Phylogenies and the comparative method. Am Nat 125(1):1–15

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Günther A (1872) LX.—On some new species of reptiles and fishes collected by Brenchley J, Esq. J Nat Hist 10(60):418–426

  • Hall TA (1999) BioEdit: a user-friendly biological sequence alignment editor and analysis program for Windows 95/98/NT. In Nucleic acids symposium series (Vol. 41, No. 41, pp. 95–98). [London]: Information Retrieval Ltd., c1979-c2000

  • Hubbs CL, Lagler KF (1958) Fishes of the Great Lakes region. Cranbrook Inst Sci Bull 26:1–213

  • Karuppasamy K, Davidkingston SD, Jawahar P, Aanand S, Venkataramani VK, Vidhya V (2018a) Population dynamics and stock assessment of Delegoa threadfin bream, Nemipterus bipunctatus (Nemipteridae), from the Wadge Bank, South India. J Appl Nat Sci 10(1):59–63

  • Karuppasamy K, Davidkingston S, Jawahar P, Ranjith L, Kathirvelpandian A, Aanand S (2018b) New record of the starry flying gurnard, Dactyloptena peterseni (Scorpaeniformes; Dactylopteridae); from Wadge Bank, Southwest coast of India. Natl Acad Sci Lett, 1–5

  • Kumar S, Stecher G, Tamura K (2016) MEGA7: molecular evolutionary genetics analysis version 7.0 for bigger datasets. Mol Biol Evol 33(7):1870–1874

  • Lee SC (1986) Fishes of the family Nemipteridae (Teleostei, Percoidei) of Taiwan. Bull Inst Zool Acad Sin 25(2):161–175

    Google Scholar 

  • Mishra SS, Biswas S, Russell BC, Satpathy KK, Selvanayagam M (2013) A new species of the genus Scolopsis Cuvier, 1830 (Perciformes: Nemipteridae) from southern India and Sri Lanka. Zootaxa 3609(4):443–449

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Murty VS (1969) Catalogue of Fishes (excluding from the Laccadives) in the Reference Collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute. CMFRI Bull 10:1–38

    Google Scholar 

  • Nair RJ, Dinesh Kumar S, Somy K (2016) First report of dwarf monocle bream Parascolopsis capitinis (Teleostei: Nemipteridae) from south-west coast of India. Mar Biodivers Rec 9(74):1–4

    Google Scholar 

  • Nakamura J, Russell BC, Moore GI, Motomura H (2018) Scolopsis Meridiana, a new species of monocle bream (Perciformes: Nemipteridae) from northern Australia. Zootaxa 4500(2):222–234

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Öhman MC, Rajasuriya A, Ólafsson E (1997) Reef fish assemblages in north-western Sri Lanka: distribution patterns and influences of fishing practises. Environ Biol Fishes 49(1):45–61

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Padate VP, Rodrigues R, Rivonker CU (2014) New records of rare marine fishes from the Gulf of Mannar India. Acta Ichthyol Piscat 44(3):241–248

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Psomadakis PN (2015) Field identification guide to the living marine resources of Pakistan.FAO, Rome (Italy). Fisheries and Aquaculture Dept. Eng 185034

  • Ranjith L, Kannan K, Joshi KK, Vinod K (2016) Range extension of the titan cardinalfish, Holapogon maximus (Boulenger, 1888) in the southern coast of India. Natl Acad Sci Lett 39(2):95–98

  • Ranjith L, Kannan K, Suresh Kumar K, Joshi KK, Sivadas M, George RM, Madan MS (2015) Note on Cheilodipterus macrodon (Lacepede, 1802) (Perciformes: Apogonidae) from Gulf of Mannar, Southeast Coast of India. Thalassas 31(2):49–54

    Google Scholar 

  • Regan CT (1913) II.The antarctic fishes of the Scottish National Antarctic Expedition. Earth Environ Sci Trans Roy Soc Edinb 49(2):229–292

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Russell BC (1990) FAO species catalogue. Nemipterid fishes of the world (threadfin breams, whiptail breams, monocle breams, dwarf monocle breams and coral breams). Family Nemipteridae. An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the nemipterid species known to date. FAO Fish Synop 1–149:1–8

    Google Scholar 

  • Russell BC (2001) Nemipteridae, threadfin breams (also whiptail breams, monocle breams, dwarf monocle breams, and coral breams). In: Carpenter KE, Niem VH (eds) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the western central Pacific. vol 5. Bony fishes part 3 (Menidae to Pomacentridae). FAO, Rome pp 3051– 3089

  • Russell BC, Golani D (1993) A review of the fish genus Parascolopsis (Nemipteridae) of the Western Indian Ocean, with description of a new species from the northern Red Sea. Isr J Ecol Evol 39(4):337–347

    Google Scholar 

  • Saitou N, Nei M (1987) The neighbour-joining method: a new method for reconstructing phylogenetic trees. Mol Biol Evol 4(4):406–425

    Google Scholar 

  • Shen SC (1997) A Review of the Genus Scolopsis of Nemipterid Fishes, with Descriptions of Three New Records from Taiwan. Zool Stud 36(4):345–352

    Google Scholar 

  • Sluka RD (2013) Coastal marine fish biodiversity along the western coast of India. JoTT 5(1):3574–3579

    Google Scholar 

  • Ward RD, Zemlak TS, Innes BH, Last PR, Hebert PD (2005) DNA barcoding Australia’s fish species. Philos Trans Roy Soc B Biol Sci.

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references


The authors are very grateful to the Tamil Nadu Dr. J. Jayalalithaa Fisheries University (TNJFU) provided financial support. The authors express heartfelt thanks to the Dean of Fisheries College and Research Institute, Thoothukudi for the encouragement during the course of this study. The authors also wish to acknowledge the for the datasets of previous year records in Worldwide.

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to K. Karuppasamy.

Ethics declarations

Conflict of Interest

On behalf of all authors, the corresponding author states that there is no conflict of interest.

Ethical Approval

This article does not contain any experimental studies with animals performed by any of the authors.

Additional information

Publisher's Note

Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Karuppasamy, K., Jawahar, P., Kathirvelpandian, A. et al. New Distributional Record of Oblique-barred Monocle Bream Scolopsis xenochrous, Günther, 1872 (Perciformes: Nemipteridae) from Wadge Bank of Southeastern Arabian Sea. Thalassas 36, 517–523 (2020).

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Revised:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI:


  • Nemipteridae
  • Wadge Bank
  • COI
  • Southwest coast of India
  • Scolopsis
  • Biology