Simultaneous photocatalytic and antimicrobial activity is considered a very promising technology for water treatment. By studying their antimicrobial activity, the present study evaluates effect of the association of porous hydroxyapatite with zinc oxide to improve the photodegradation of antibiotics in water and to trap the by-products. Coexistence in the nanocomposite of zinc oxide with porous apatite, prepared from phosphate rock, is a key factor promoting strong photocatalytic and antibacterial activities. Toxicity of the water discharged after the photocatalytic treatment was studied. Owing to the simplicity of the synthesis of ZnO–hydroxyapatite nanocomposites from Moroccan natural phosphate and their versatility, the present approach holds promise for the development of multifunctional photocatalysts and antibacterial agents for environmental applications.
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El Bekkali, C., Labrag, J., Oulguidoum, A. et al. Porous ZnO/hydroxyapatite nanomaterials with effective photocatalytic and antibacterial activities for the degradation of antibiotics. Nanotechnol. Environ. Eng. 7, 333–341 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1007/s41204-021-00172-7