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Graphene Technology

, Volume 2, Issue 3–4, pp 47–62 | Cite as

Quantification and analysis of Raman spectra of graphene materials

  • Velram Balaji Mohan
  • Michel Nieuwoudt
  • Krishnan Jayaraman
  • Debes Bhattacharyya
Original Article

Abstract

Graphene has received significant attention in recent years due to its outstanding electronic, mechanical, chemical and physical properties. Graphene materials can potentially be used in a variety of applications, such as functional nanocomposites, electrodes, flexible transparent devices and thin conductive films. This article focuses on the analysis of structural evolution and development of different of reduced graphene oxides (rGOs), and the results are compared with structural features of functionalised reduced graphene oxide and graphene. The aromatic disorder and irregularity of these materials influence their own properties; particularly, their electrical conductivity aspects were studied indirectly through Raman spectroscopy. The quantification of their Raman spectra and microstructural analysis were examined to assess the relationship between aromatic structures and electrical conduction mechanism. The results showed that aromaticity of GO changes under different chemical reduction treatments and hydroiodic acid reduction gave an electrical conductivity of 103.3 S cm−1 as highest amongst a number of rGOs produced. Moreover, the integrity of aromatic structure through different reduced graphene oxides changed quite significantly and the Raman results were able to correlate the electrical conductivity with their structural regularity.

Keywords

Graphene oxide Reduced graphene oxide Raman spectroscopy Gaussian quantification Aromaticity Electrical conductivity 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This work was supported by the Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment, New Zealand (Grant Number 3706657), under Sustainable Research Grant. Dr. Reuben Brown is thanked for his help and assistance with the quantification of Raman spectra.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mechanical Engineering, Centre for Advanced Composite MaterialsThe University of AucklandAucklandNew Zealand
  2. 2.School of Chemical SciencesThe University of AucklandAucklandNew Zealand

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