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Topics in Current Chemistry

, 375:19 | Cite as

High-Power-Density Organic Radical Batteries

  • Christian Friebe
  • Ulrich S. Schubert
Review
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Electrochemical Energy Storage

Abstract

Batteries that are based on organic radical compounds possess superior charging times and discharging power capability in comparison to established electrochemical energy-storage technologies. They do not rely on metals and, hence, feature a favorable environmental impact. They furthermore offer the possibility of roll-to-roll processing through the use of different printing techniques, which enables the cost-efficient fabrication of mechanically flexible devices. In this review, organic radical batteries are presented with the focus on the hitherto developed materials and the key properties thereof, e.g., voltage, capacity, and cycle life. Furthermore, basic information, such as significant characteristics, housing approaches, and applied additives, are presented and discussed in the context of organic radical batteries.

Keywords

Electrochemical energy storage Organic radical batteries Lithium-organic batteries High-power devices 

Abbreviations

MWCNT

Multi-walled carbon nanotubes

ORB

Organic radical battery

PANI

Poly(aniline)

PEG

Poly(ethylene glycol)

PPy

Poly(pyrrole)

PROXYL

2,2,5,5-Tetramethylpyrrolidin-N-oxyl radical

PT

Poly(thiophene)

PTAm

Poly(2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-piperidinyl-N-oxyl acrylamide)

PTGE

Poly(2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-piperidinyl-N-oxyl glycidyl ether)

PTMA

Poly(2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-4-piperidinyl-N-oxyl methacrylate)

RFID

Radio-frequency identification

TEMPO

2,2,6,6-Tetramethyl-4-piperidinyl-N-oxyl radical

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratory of Organic and Macromolecular Chemistry (IOMC)Friedrich Schiller University JenaJenaGermany
  2. 2.Center for Energy and Environmental Chemistry Jena (CEEC Jena)Friedrich Schiller University JenaJenaGermany

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