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Nanostructured Materials Synthesis Using Ultrasound

Abstract

Recent applications of ultrasound to the production of nanostructured materials are reviewed. Sonochemistry permits the production of novel materials or provides a route to known materials without the need for high bulk temperatures, pressures, or long reaction times. Both chemical and physical phenomena associated with high-intensity ultrasound are responsible for the production or modification of nanomaterials. Most notable are the consequences of acoustic cavitation: the formation, growth, and implosive collapse of bubbles, and can be categorized as primary sonochemistry (gas-phase chemistry occurring inside collapsing bubbles), secondary sonochemistry (solution-phase chemistry occurring outside the bubbles), and physical modifications (caused by high-speed jets, shockwaves, or inter-particle collisions in slurries).

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Fig. 1

Reproduced with permission from Ref. [1]. Copyright 2012 Royal Society of Chemistry

Fig. 2

Reproduced with permission from Ref. [1]. Copyright 2012 Royal Society of Chemistry

Fig. 3

Reproduced with permission from Ref. [1]. Copyright 2012 Royal Society of Chemistry

Fig. 4

Reproduced with permission from Ref. [23]. Copyright 1996 American Chemical Society

Fig. 5

Reproduced with permission from Ref. [28]. Copyright 2007 American Chemical Society

Fig. 6

Reproduced with permission from Ref. [19]. Copyright 2005 American Chemical Society

Fig. 7

Reproduced with permission from Ref. [56]. Copyright 2012 Royal Society of Chemistry

Fig. 8

Reproduced with permission from Ref. [59]. Copyright 2012 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA

Fig. 9

Reproduced with permission from Ref. [71]. Copyright 2011 American Chemical Society

Fig. 10

Adapted with permission from Ref. [75]. Copyright 2014 Royal Society of Chemistry

Fig. 11

Reproduced with permission from Ref. [80]. Copyright 2013 American Chemical Society

Fig. 12
Fig. 13

Reproduced with permission from Ref. [84]. Copyright 2015 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA

Fig. 14

Reproduced with permission from Ref. [91]. Copyright 2006 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA

Fig. 15

Reproduced with permission from Ref. [99]. Copyright 2006 American Chemical Society

Fig. 16

Reproduced with permission from Ref. [102]. Copyright 2015 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA

Fig. 17

Reproduced with permission from Ref. [104]. Copyright 2012 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA

Fig. 18

Reproduced with permission from Ref. [111]. Copyright 2008 American Chemical Society

Fig. 19

Reproduced with permission from Ref. [117]. Copyright 2015 American Chemical Society

Fig. 20

Reproduced with permission from Ref. [78]. Copyright 1990 AAAS

Fig. 21

Reproduced with permission from Ref. [118]. Copyright 2011 American Chemical Society

Fig. 22

Reproduced with permission from Ref. [136]. Copyright 2006 American Chemical Society

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Correspondence to Kenneth S. Suslick.

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This article is part of the Topical Collection “Sonochemistry: From basic principles to innovative applications”; edited by Juan Carlos Colmenares Q., Gregory Chatel.

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Hinman, J.J., Suslick, K.S. Nanostructured Materials Synthesis Using Ultrasound. Top Curr Chem (Z) 375, 12 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s41061-016-0100-9

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Keywords

  • Sonochemistry
  • Nanomaterials
  • Microspheres
  • Nanoparticles
  • Ultrasonic