Topics in Current Chemistry

, 374:82 | Cite as

Challenges and Prospect of Non-aqueous Non-alkali (NANA) Metal–Air Batteries

  • Danny Gelman
  • Boris Shvartsev
  • Yair Ein-Eli
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Electrochemical Energy Storage


Non-aqueous non-alkali (NANA) metal–air battery technologies promise to provide electrochemical energy storage with the highest specific energy density. Metal–air battery technology is particularly advantageous being implemented in long-range electric vehicles. Up to now, almost all the efforts in the field are focused on Li–air cells, but other NANA metal–air battery technologies emerge. The major concern, which the research community should be dealing with, is the limited and rather poor rechargeability of these systems. The challenges we are covering in this review are related to the initial limited discharge capacities and cell performances. By comprehensively reviewing the studies conducted so far, we show that the implementation of advanced materials is a promising approach to increase metal–air performance and, particularly, metal surface activation as a prime achievement leading to respectful discharge currents. In this review, we address the most critical areas that need careful research attention in order to achieve progress in the understanding of the physical and electrochemical processes in non-aqueous electrolytes applied in beyond lithium and zinc air generation of metal–air battery systems.


Metal–air batteries Non-aqueous Magnesium–air Aluminum–air Silicon–air 



This research work was financially supported by the Israel Science Foundation (ISF) Grant No. 1701/12, by Israel National Center for Electrochemical Propulsion (INREP-ISF) and by the Nancy and Stephen Grand Technion Energy Program (GTEP).


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The Nancy and Stephen Grand Technion Energy ProgramTechnion-Israeli Institute of TechnologyHaifaIsrael
  2. 2.Department of Materials Science and EngineeringTechnion-Israeli Institute of TechnologyHaifaIsrael

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