The Indian Journal of Labour Economics

, Volume 60, Issue 3, pp 415–436 | Cite as

Regular Salaried Employment Opportunities in India: Nature, Access and Inclusiveness

  • Rajendra P. Mamgain
  • Shivakar Tiwari
Original Article


Decent work for poverty reduction and overall well-being has long been recognised by International Labour Organisation (ILO). However, ensuring it still remains a challenge in several countries across the globe. Treating regular employment as a form of decent work may be a misconception as a large number of regular salaried employment opportunities are devoid of any tenurial and social security benefits to workers, making them vulnerable, which is a crucial indicator of ILO’s notion of decent employment. Based on unit record data of large rounds of National Sample Survey on Employment and Unemployment, this paper disaggregates regular employment across public, private and informal enterprises and finds unequal access to quality employment opportunities to various socio-religious groups. It attempts to understand determinants of access to regular wage employment opportunities with a focus on quality jobs. Finally, the paper suggests measures to improve the availability and access to quality jobs to workers and promote inclusiveness in such job opportunities with a special focus on marginalised social groups in India.


Regular jobs Social security Inclusiveness 



The authors would like to express their gratitude to Professors Sukhadeo Thorat, Kaushik Basu, Pulin B Nayak, S. Madheswaran, Ajit Ghose, and participants of Panel Discussion on "Group Inequality, Identity and Inclusion in India" during 98th Annual Conference of Indian Economic Association in Hyderabad, 29 December 2015 for their valuable comments. The usual disclaimers apply.


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Copyright information

© Indian Society of Labour Economics 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Giri Institute of Development StudiesLucknowIndia

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