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Response Characteristics of a Steel Fiber-Reinforced Porosity-Free Concrete Beam Under an Impact Load

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Abstract

The utilization of ultra-high-strength concrete offers a weight reduction of concrete structures and improvements in disaster protection performance. Recently, porosity-free concrete (PFC) having the world’s highest compressive strength of 400 MPa has been developed, and its basic mechanical properties were determined; however, its impact-resistant capacity is yet to be examined. In this study, investigation of the impact resistance behavior of PFC is performed using a weight dropping impact test on a fiber-reinforced PFC beam. Steel fiber-reinforced PFC is used for preventing brittle failure, and the full plastic moment of the PFC beam cross-section is determined based on material test results. Also, the estimation of maximum response deflection is attempted by a simple plastic analysis. It was demonstrated that the response deflection could be reduced by 30–50% by increasing the steel fiber mixing rate in the PFC beam from 1 to 2%. The proposed estimation method revealed that the response deflection of the PFC beam could be estimated with an accuracy of approximately 80% considering the calculated full plastic moment when the plastic hinge is clearly formed. In the future, to establish a design procedure for the impact-resistant capacity of protective structures from steel fiber-reinforced PFC, it is necessary to conduct experimental and numerical research focusing on ultimate strength, including statistical processing.

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Acknowledgements

In promoting this research, the undergraduate and graduate students in the Structural Mechanics Laboratory, Graduate School of Muroran Institute of Technology received a great deal of support in loading experiments, data arrangement, and so on. This support is gratefully acknowledged. This work was supported by JSPS KAKENHI Grant Number 19H02394. We would like to thank Editage (https://www.editage.com) for English language editing.

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Correspondence to Yusuke Kurihashi.

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Kurihashi, Y., Kono, K. & Komuro, M. Response Characteristics of a Steel Fiber-Reinforced Porosity-Free Concrete Beam Under an Impact Load. Int J Civ Eng (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s40999-020-00501-y

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Keywords

  • Porosity-free concrete
  • Steel fiber reinforcement
  • Steel fiber content
  • Impact loading test
  • Maximum response deflection