Skip to main content

Models of Earthquake Ground Shaking Used in Seismic Design and Safety Checks of Large Dams

Abstract

For the seismic design and seismic safety checks of large storage dams, dynamic analyses have to be carried in the time domain, as inelastic deformations have to be expected under the safety evaluation earthquake ground motion. As input for such analyses acceleration time histories are needed. The characteristics of these time histories are discussed. They may include features such as spectrum matching of recorded or artificial acceleration time histories, aftershocks, directivity effects, near-fault effects, extended duration of strong ground shaking, number of earthquakes, and stochastic independence of earthquake components as listed in the new guideline on the Selection of Seismic Parameters of Large Dams of the International Commission on Large Dams. These acceleration time histories used for dam design are models of earthquake ground motions but have hardly anything in common with real earthquake acceleration time histories, but using such records, the dam engineer can provide a safe design, which is the main objective of the design of any structure.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

References

  1. 1.

    Wieland M (2016) Seismic hazards of large storage dams. In: Proceedings of the Hydro 2016 achievements, opportunities and challenges, international conference and exhibition, Montreux, Switzerland, 10–12 Oct 2016

  2. 2.

    ICOLD (1998) Neotectonics and Dams, Bulletin 112, Committee on Seismic Aspects of Dam Design. International Commission on Large Dams (ICOLD), Paris

    Google Scholar 

  3. 3.

    ICOLD (2016) Selecting Seismic Parameters for Large Dams, Guidelines, Bulletin 148, Committee on Seismic Aspects of Dam Design. International Commission on Large Dams (ICOLD), Paris

    Google Scholar 

  4. 4.

    Eurocode 8 (2004) Design of Structures for Earthquake Resistance, Part 1: General Rules, Seismic Actions and Rules for Buildings, EN 1998-1-2004, CEN European Committee for Standardization, Brussels

  5. 5.

    Wieland M, Mueller R (2009) Dam safety, emergency action plans, and water alarm systems. Int Water Power Dam Construction 61(1):34–38

    Google Scholar 

  6. 6.

    ICOLD (1989) Selecting Seismic Parameters for Large Dams, Guidelines, Bulletin 72, Committee on Seismic Aspects of Dam Design, International Commission on Large Dams (ICOLD), Paris

    Google Scholar 

  7. 7.

    Wieland M (2012) Seismic Design and Performance Criteria for Large Storage Dams, Proc. 15th World Conf. on Earthquake Engineering, Lisbon, Portugal, 24–28 Sep 2012

  8. 8.

    ICOLD (2011) Reservoirs and Seismicity—State of Knowledge, Bulletin 137, Committee on Seismic Aspects of Dam Design. International Commission on Large Dams (ICOLD), Paris

    Google Scholar 

  9. 9.

    Wieland M (2017) Reservoir-triggered seismicity and effect on seismic design criteria for large storage dams. In: Proc. 16th world conference on earthquake engineering, 16WCEE, Santiago de Chile, Chile, 9–13 Jan 2017

  10. 10.

    Wieland M, Guimond R, Malla S (2005) Uncertainties in seismic analysis of concrete and embankment dams. In: Proc. symposium on uncertainty assessment in dam engineering, Paper No. 015-S1, 73rd Annual Meeting of ICOLD, Tehran, Iran, 1–6 May 2005

  11. 11.

    Wieland M (2014) What seismic hazard information dam engineers need from seismologists and geologists. In: Proc. second European conference and earthquake engineering (2ECEES), Istanbul, Turkey, 24–29 Aug 2014

Download references

Acknowledgements

The paper was presented as a keynote paper at the 4th International Conference on Long-Term Behaviour and Environmentally Friendly Rehabilitation Technologies of Dams, which was held in Tehran, Iran, from October 17–19, 2017.

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Martin Wieland.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Wieland, M. Models of Earthquake Ground Shaking Used in Seismic Design and Safety Checks of Large Dams. Int J Civ Eng 17, 515–522 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s40999-018-0339-3

Download citation

Keywords

  • Dam design
  • Seismic analysis
  • Acceleration time histories
  • Aftershocks
  • Ground motion modeling