Skip to main content

Air-Entrained Air Field Self-Consolidating Concrete Pavements: Strength and Durability

Abstract

In this paper, self-consolidating concrete (SCC) mixtures are considered for airfield concrete pavements. A series of rheological, mechanical, transport and frost action durability tests were conducted on the prepared SCC mixtures with and without chemical air-entraining agents (AEA). Mineral admixtures including slag, fly ash, silica fume and metakaolin were included in SCC mixtures. The results showed that application of mineral admixture led to significant improvements on the performance of airfield concrete pavement mixtures. Moreover, the performance of mixtures against frost action upgraded when AEA included in companion with the mineral admixtures.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3

References

  1. 1.

    Giussani F, Mola F (2012) Durable concrete pavements: the reconstruction of runway head 36R of Milano Linate International Airport. Constr Build Mater 34:352–361

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. 2.

    Shahin MY (2005) Pavement management for airports, roads, and parking lots. 2nd edition, Springer

  3. 3.

    Frabizzio MA, Buch NJ (1999) Performance of transverse cracking in jointed concrete pavements. J Perform Constr Facil 13(4):172–180

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. 4.

    Ahmed I, Rahman MH, Seraj SM, Hoque AM (1998) Performance of plain concrete runway pavement. J Perform Constr Facil 12(3):145–152

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. 5.

    Kohler ER, Roesler JR (2005) Crack width measurements in continuously reinforced concrete pavements. J Trans Eng 131(9):645–652

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. 6.

    Nehdi ML, Bassuoni ÆMT (2008) Durability of self-consolidating concrete to combined effects of sulphate attack and frost action. Mater Struct 41:1657–1679

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. 7.

    Khaloo AR, Molaee A (2003) Freeze and thaw, and abrasion resistance of steel fiber reinforced concrete (SFRC). IJCE 1:72–81

    Google Scholar 

  8. 8.

    Cao D, Ge W (2015) Study on the flexural behaviors of RC beams after freeze-thaw cycles. Int J Civ Eng 13(1):92–101

    Google Scholar 

  9. 9.

    Ramadoss P (2014) Combined effect of silica fume and steel fiber on the splitting tensile strength of high-strength concrete. Int J Civ Eng 12:(1):96–103

    Google Scholar 

  10. 10.

    Domone PL (2006) Self-compacting concrete: an analysis of 11 years of case studies. Cement Concrete Comp 28:197–208

    Article  Google Scholar 

  11. 11.

    Khayat KH, Assaad J (2002) Air-void stability in self-consolidating concrete. ACI Mater J 99(4):408–416

    Google Scholar 

  12. 12.

    Zhu W, Bartos PJM (2003) Permeation properties of self-compacting concrete. Cement Concrete Res 33:921–926

    Article  Google Scholar 

  13. 13.

    Kamal MM, Safan MA, Etman ZA, Abd-elbaki MA (2015) Effect of steel fibers on the properties of recycled self-compacting, concrete in fresh and hardened state. IJCE 13(4):400–410

    Google Scholar 

  14. 14.

    Famili H, Saryazdi KM, Parhizkar T (2012) Internal curing of high strength self consolidating concrete by saturated lightweight aggregate-effects on material properties. IJCE 10(3):210–221

    Google Scholar 

  15. 15.

    Bakhtiyari S, Allahverdi A, Rais-Ghasemi M, Ramezanianpour AA, Parhizkar T, Zarrabi BA (2011) Mix design, compressive strength and resistance to elevated temperature (500 C) of self-compacting concretes containing limestone and quartz fillers. IJCE 9(3):215–222

    Google Scholar 

  16. 16.

    ASTM C150 (2002) Standard test method for resistance of concrete to rapid freezing and thawing American Society for Testing and Materials

  17. 17.

    Aitcin PC, Ballivy G, Mitchell D, Pigeon M, Coulombe LG (1993) The use of high performance air entrained concrete for the construction of the Portneuf bridge. ACI SP 140:53–72

    Google Scholar 

  18. 18.

    PCI (2003) Interim guidelines for the use of self-consolidating concrete in precast/prestressed concrete institute plants, (TR-6-03). Chicago, Il:Precast/Prestressed Concrete Institute

  19. 19.

    ASTM C 138/C 138M (2001) Standard test method for density (unit weight), yield, and air content (gravimetric) of concrete. American Society for Testing and Materials

  20. 20.

    ASTM 231 (2004) Standard test method for air content of freshly mixed concrete by the pressure method. American Society for Testing and Materials

  21. 21.

    BS 1881-116 (1983) British standard. Testing concrete method for determination of compressive strength of concrete cubes

  22. 22.

    ASTM C 78 (2002) Standard test method for flexural strength of concrete (Using simple beam with third-point loading). American society for testing and materials

  23. 23.

    (ACI)-544.2R (1999) ACI report on fiber reinforced concrete. American Concrete Institute

  24. 24.

    BS EN 1338 (2003) Concrete paving blocks—requirements and test methods. British Standard

  25. 25.

    ASTM C666 (2003) Standard test method for resistance of concrete to rapid freezing and thawing. American society for testing and materials

  26. 26.

    Innovative Pavement Research Foundation (IPRF) research report (2003) Best practices for airport Portland cement concrete pavement construction (rigid airport pavement). Report IPRF-01-G-002-1

  27. 27.

    Federal Aviation Administration (FAA). Airport construction standards. Part-6. Rigid pavement (AC 150/5370-10)

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Jafar Sobhani.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Ziari, H., Hayati, P. & Sobhani, J. Air-Entrained Air Field Self-Consolidating Concrete Pavements: Strength and Durability. Int J Civ Eng 15, 21–33 (2017). https://doi.org/10.1007/s40999-016-0104-4

Download citation

Keywords

  • Self-consolidating concrete
  • Freeze and thaw
  • Mechanical properties
  • Mineral admixtures
  • Air-entraining agents
  • Airfield concrete pavements