Skip to main content

Mechanical and Basic Deformation Properties of Mortar with Recycled Glass as a Fine Aggregate Replacement

Abstract

As a result of the large quantities of glass residues being generated, research is currently underway for efficient, economic and eco-friendly alternatives, among them the incorporation of recycled glass in mortar as a substitute for natural sand; this work has researched and studied recycled glass substitutions of 0, 15, 30, 60 and 100 %. A basic characterization of both sands was carried out with the aim of comparing both materials (granulometric profiles, density and absorption). Compressive and flexural strength were studied with regard to the mechanical behavior of the mortar in question; regarding deformation, the basic, drying and total shrinkage were determined. The results of the research show that the recycled glass sands are less dense than the standard sand used, and the latter has a higher absorption coefficient. With regard to compressive and flexural strength, the mortars with recycled glass reported lower resistance than the natural sand mortars, with the 15 % recycled glass combination being the closest to the natural mortar. On the other hand, in the case of deformation due to drying shrinkage (the most significant), the recycled mortars showed even more favorable results than the natural mortar; the 100 % glass content had the lowest shrinkage rate in the experimental phase. The study concludes that mortars with 15 % recycled sand may feasibly be used in applications with low mechanical requirements, with their low rates of shrinkage deformation being an additional advantage.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6
Fig. 7
Fig. 8
Fig. 9
Fig. 10
Fig. 11
Fig. 12
Fig. 13
Fig. 14

References

  1. 1.

    Khmiri A, Chaabouni M, Samet B (2013) Chemical behaviour of ground waste glass when used as partial cement replacement in mortars. Constr Build Mater 44:74–80

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. 2.

    Shi C, Zheng K (2007) A review on the use of waste glasses in the production of cement and concrete. Resour Conserv Recycl 52(2):234–247

    MathSciNet  Article  Google Scholar 

  3. 3.

    Maghsoodloorad H, Allahverdi A (2016) Efflorescence formation and control in alkali-activated phosphorus slag cement. Int J Civ Eng 14(6):425–438

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. 4.

    Allahvedi A, Hashemi H (2015) Investigating the resistance of alkali-activated slag mortar exposed to magnesium sulfate attack. Int J Civ Eng 13(4):379–387

    Google Scholar 

  5. 5.

    Poon CS, Ling TCB (2010) Use of recycled glass in architectural mortars. J Wuhan Univ Technol 32(17):231–235

    Google Scholar 

  6. 6.

    Penacho P, Brito J, Veiga MR (2014) Physico-mechanical and performance characterization of mortars incorporating fine glass waste aggregate. Cem Concr Compos 50:47–59

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. 7.

    Ling TC, Poon CS (2011) Properties of architectural mortar prepared with recycled glass with different particle sizes. Mater Des 32(5):2675–2684

    Article  Google Scholar 

  8. 8.

    Pereira-de-Oliveira LA, Castro-Gomes JP, Santos PMS (2012) The potential pozzolanic activity of glass and red-clay ceramic waste as cement mortars components. Constr Build Mater 31:197–203

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. 9.

    Shao Y, Lefort T, Moras S, Rodriguez D (2000) Studies on concrete containing ground waste glass. Cem Concr Res 30(1):91–100

    Article  Google Scholar 

  10. 10.

    Xie Z, Xiang W, Xi Y (2003) ASR potentials of glass aggregates in water-glass activated fly ash and portland cement mortars. J Mater Civ Eng 15(1):67–74

    Article  Google Scholar 

  11. 11.

    Bhandari PS, Tajne KM (2013) Use of waste glass in cement mortar. Int J Civ Struct Eng 3(4):704–711

    Google Scholar 

  12. 12.

    Park SB, Lee BC (2004) Studies on expansion properties in mortar containing waste glass and fibers. Cem Concr Res 34(7):1145–1152

    Article  Google Scholar 

  13. 13.

    Ling TC, Poon CS, Kou SC (2011) Feasibility of using recycled glass in architectural cement mortars. Cem Concr Compos 33(8):848–854

    Article  Google Scholar 

  14. 14.

    Topçu IB, Boğa AR, Bilir T (2008) Alkali-silica reactions of mortars produced by using waste glass as fine aggregate and admixtures such as fly ash and Li2CO3. Waste Manag 28(5):878–884

    Article  Google Scholar 

  15. 15.

    Du H, Tan KH (2014) Concrete with recycled glass as fine aggregates. ACI Mater J 111(1):47–58

    Google Scholar 

  16. 16.

    Karamberi A, Moutsatsou A (2005) Participation of coloured glass cullet in cementitious materials. Cem Concr Compos 27(2):319–327

    Article  Google Scholar 

  17. 17.

    Ling TC, Poon CS (2011) Utilization of recycled glass derived from cathode ray tube glass as fine aggregate in cement mortar. J Hazard Mater 192(2):451–456

    Article  Google Scholar 

  18. 18.

    Ling TC, Poon CS (2014) Feasible use of large volumes of GGBS in 100% recycled glass architectural mortar. Cem Concr Compos 53:350–356

    Article  Google Scholar 

  19. 19.

    Du H, Tan KH (2013) Use of waste glass as sand in mortar: Part II—Alkali—silica reaction and mitigation methods. Cem Concr Compos 35(1):118–126

    Article  Google Scholar 

  20. 20.

    Matos AM, Sousa-Coutinho J (2012) Durability of mortar using waste glass powder as cement replacement. Constr Build Mater 36:205–215

    Article  Google Scholar 

  21. 21.

    Ling TC, Poon CS (2012) A comparative study on the feasible use of recycled beverage and CRT funnel glass as fine aggregate in cement mortar. J Clean Prod 29–30:46–52

    Article  Google Scholar 

  22. 22.

    Ling TC, Poon CS (2012) Effects of particle size of treated CRT funnel glass on properties of cement mortar. Mater Struct 46(1):25–34

    Google Scholar 

  23. 23.

    Tan KH, Du H (2013) Use of waste glass as sand in mortar: Part I—fresh, mechanical and durability properties. Cem Concr Compos 35(1):109–117

    Article  Google Scholar 

  24. 24.

    Corinaldesi V, Gnappi G, Moriconi G, Montenero A (2005) Reuse of ground waste glass as aggregate for mortars. Waste Manag 25(2):197–201

    Article  Google Scholar 

  25. 25.

    Hui Z, Sun W (2011) Study of properties of mortar containing cathode ray tubes (CRT) glass as replacement for river sand fine aggregate. Constr Build Mater 25(10):4059–4064

    Article  Google Scholar 

  26. 26.

    Jiménez JR, Ayuso J, López M, Fernández JM, Brito J (2013) Use of fine recycled aggregates from ceramic waste in masonry mortar manufacturing. Constr Build Mater 40:679–690

    Article  Google Scholar 

  27. 27.

    CEDEX (2010) FICHA TÉCNICA 4.1. Residuos de Construcción y Demolición. http://www.cedex.es/NR/rdonlyres/0AF8BEF6-2BE2-4456-AE0C-7181B3A2975B/119974/RESIDUOSDECONSTRUCCIONYDEMOLICION1.pdf. Accessed 7 Nov 2015

  28. 28.

    Zhao Z, Remond S, Damidot D, Xu W (2015) Influence of recycled concrete aggregates on strength properties of concrete. Constr Build Mater 81:179–186

    Article  Google Scholar 

  29. 29.

    Gómez-Soberón JMV (2002) Porosity of recycled concrete with substitution of recycled concrete aggregate—an experimental study. Cem Concr Res 32(8):1301–1311

    Article  Google Scholar 

  30. 30.

    Gómez-Soberón JMV (2003) Relationship between gas adsorption and the shrinkage and creep of recycled aggregate concrete. Cem Concr Aggregates 25(2):1–7

    Google Scholar 

  31. 31.

    Ling TC, Poon CS, Lam WS, Chan TP, Fung KKL (2012) Utilization of recycled cathode ray tubes glass in cement mortar for X-ray radiation-shielding applications. J Hazard Mater 199–200:321–327

    Article  Google Scholar 

  32. 32.

    Idir R, Cyr M, Tagnit-Hamou A (2010) Use of fine glass as ASR inhibitor in glass aggregate mortars. Constr Build Mater 24(7):1309–1312

    Article  Google Scholar 

  33. 33.

    Idir R, Cyr M, Tagnit-Hamou A (2011) Pozzolanic properties of fine and coarse color-mixed glass cullet. Cem Concr Compos 33(1):19–29

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Acknowledgments

The authors wish to thank the CONACYT for its doctoral thesis program, the Escuela Politécnica Superior de Edificación de Barcelona-UPC, the Departamento de Construcciones Arquitectónicas II-EPSEB-UPC, the Facultad de Ingeniería Mochis-UAS, as well as the Doctores Jóvenes-UAS program.

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Jose Manuel Gomez-Soberon.

Ethics declarations

Funding information

The research was carrying out without external funding.

Disclaimer

The opinions, findings, conclusions, and recommendations expressed in this paper are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect those of the sponsor.

Conflict of interest

The author declares that there is no conflict of interests regarding the publication of this paper.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Cabrera-Covarrubias, F.G., Gomez-Soberon, J.M., Almaral-Sanchez, J.L. et al. Mechanical and Basic Deformation Properties of Mortar with Recycled Glass as a Fine Aggregate Replacement. Int J Civ Eng 16, 107–121 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1007/s40999-016-0071-9

Download citation

Keywords

  • Recycled mortars
  • Recycled glass materials
  • Basic and drying shrinkage
  • Sustainability construction