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Topologies and Control Strategies Implicated in Dynamic Voltage Restorer (DVR) for Power Quality Improvement

Abstract

Controlled and improved power quality is one of the fundamental and essential needs in any industry driven by electric power for optimal exploitation of resources. However, in power quality, some crucial problems have been recognized as harmonic distortion, interruption, sag, swell and transient. Out of these, sag and swell are predominantly seen and cause stern impact on the electrical devices or machines and therefore require to be mitigated at an earliest to protect from any failure or mal-operation. As an ultimate key to crack these problems, some custom power devices such as distribution STATCOM (DSTATCOM), dynamic voltage restorer (DVR) and unified power quality conditioner are unanimously procured. A prominent custom power device DVR is apparently suggested in the literature for the mitigation of voltage sag and swells, with the benefit of active or/and reactive power control. The DVR is reported as being a high-performance solution to compensate voltage disturbances, since it provides both a cost-effective solution and very fast dynamics. In recent years, a bulk amount of the literature accounts for DVR on different configurations of its power circuit and various control techniques employed in it. This review article presents a detailed study on DVR with the different possible configurations of its power circuit and control techniques encircling major power quality issues. The informative object covered in the paper, articulate choice of control strategy and power circuit ensuring optimal recital of DVR in satisfying a required quality. This paper also furnishes the valued information for the investigator in this field.

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Abbreviations

APF:

Active power filters

\( \angle V_{\text{inj}} = \theta_{\text{inj}} \) :

Angle of injected DVR voltage

θ :

Angle of load power

α :

Angle of VDVR

δ :

Angle of VTH

\( \beta \) :

Angle of ZTH

SL:

Apparent power

ANN:

Artificial neural network

BESS:

Battery energy storage systems

CHB:

Cascaded h-bridge

K i :

Constant of integral

K p :

Constant of proportionality

V L :

Load voltage magnitude

DG:

Distributed generation

DSTATCOM:

Distribution static compensator

DVR:

Dynamic voltage restorer

FT:

Fourier transform

FL:

Fuzzy logic

IC:

Incremental conductance

IDVR:

Interline dynamic voltage restorer

P L :

Load active power

I L :

Load current

Q L :

Load reactive power

LV:

Low voltage

MPPT:

Maximum point tracking technique

MV:

Medium voltage

MLI:

Multilevel inverter

NPC:

Neutral point clamped

PLL:

Phase-locked loop

PV/SPV:

Solar photovoltaic

PI:

Proportional integral

RMS:

Root mean square

SSTS:

Solid-state transfer switches

SVPWM:

Space vector pulse width modulation

SETC:

Static electronic tap changers

SVC:

Static VAR compensator

SMES:

Superconducting magnetic energy systems

SMPS:

Switched mode power supply

Z TH :

System impedance

V TH :

System voltage during fault condition

TSC:

Thyristor-switched capacitors

THD:

Total harmonic distortion

UPQC:

Unified power quality conditioner

UPS:

Uninterruptible power supply

VeSC:

Vector switching converter

VAR:

Volt-ampere reactive

\( \left| {\begin{array}{*{20}c} {V_{\text{inj}} } \\ \end{array} } \right| \) :

Voltage injected by DVR

\( \left| {\begin{array}{*{20}c} {V_{\text{pre - sag}} } \\ \end{array} } \right| \) :

Voltage magnitude before sag

\( \left| {\begin{array}{*{20}c} {V_{\text{sag}} } \\ \end{array} } \right| \) :

Voltage magnitude during sag

VSC/VSI:

Voltage source converter

VSI:

Voltage source inverter

WT:

Wavelet transform

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Pal, R., Gupta, S. Topologies and Control Strategies Implicated in Dynamic Voltage Restorer (DVR) for Power Quality Improvement. Iran J Sci Technol Trans Electr Eng 44, 581–603 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s40998-019-00287-3

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Keywords

  • Compensation technique
  • Direct AC/AC converter
  • DVR
  • IDVR
  • Power quality
  • Solar PV-based DVR
  • Transformer-less DVR