Skip to main content

The Effect of Recycled Concrete Aggregates and Metakaolin on the Mechanical Properties of Self-Compacting Concrete Containing Nanoparticles

Abstract

Nowadays, finding appropriate solutions for reducing the environmental pollutions as a consequence of buildings is important. Using recycled concrete from demolished buildings as an aggregate in new concrete preparation can have a significant role in the sustainable development of the concrete industry; therefore, in this research work, the effect of employing different percentages (i.e., 20, 40, 60, 80 and 100%) of recycled concrete aggregates and the impact of using metakaolin as pozzolan in self-compacting concrete containing SiO2 nanoparticles were investigated. Hence, some properties of hardened self-compacting concrete such as compressive strength, tensile strength, modulus of elasticity, water absorption, density and apparent porosity of the samples were studied. The results demonstrate that construction of self-compacting concrete with complete replacement of recycled aggregates is possible. Although the strength of recycled self-compacting concretes is almost 11% less than the control samples, the use of metakaolin with optimum percentage as additives of cement leads to improvement in the recycled concretes properties.

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Fig. 1
Fig. 2
Fig. 3
Fig. 4
Fig. 5
Fig. 6
Fig. 7
Fig. 8
Fig. 9
Fig. 10
Fig. 11
Fig. 12
Fig. 13

References

  1. Afroughsabet V, Biolzi L, Ozbakkaloglu T (2016) High-performance fiber-reinforced concrete: a review. J Mater Sci 51:6517–6551

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. Aghdasi P (2016) Development of ultra-high performance fiber-reinforced concrete (UHP-FRC) for large-scale casting

  3. Aghdasi P, Palacios G, Heid AE, Chao SH (2015) Mechanical properties of a highly flowable ultra-high-performance fiber-reinforced concrete mixture considering large-size effects. In: Proceedings of high performance fiber reinforced cement composites (HPFRCC 7)

  4. Aghdasi P, Heid AE, Chao SH (2016) Developing ultra-high-performance fiber-reinforced concrete for large-scale structural applications. ACI Mater J 113:559–570

    Google Scholar 

  5. ASTM C496/C496 M–11 (2004) Standard test method for splitting tensile strength of cylindrical concrete specimens. ASTM International, West Conshohocken

    Google Scholar 

  6. ASTM C642–13 (2013) Standard test method for density, absorption, and voids in hardened concrete. ASTM International, West Conshohocken

    Google Scholar 

  7. ASTM C33/C33M–16 (2016) Standard specification for concrete aggregates. ASTM International, West Conshohocken

    Google Scholar 

  8. Bahari A, Sadeghi-Nik A, Roodbari M, Mirnia N (2012a) Investigation the Al–Fe–Cr–Ti nano composites structures with using XRD and AFM techniques. Sadhana 37:657–664

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. Bahari A, Sadeghi-Nik A, Roodbari M, Taghavi K, Mirshafiei SE (2012b) Synthesis and strength study of cement mortars containing SiC nano particles. Dig J Nanomater Biostruct 7:1427–1435

    Google Scholar 

  10. Bahari A, Sadeghi-Nik A, Roodbari M, Mirshafiei E, Amiri B (2015) Effect of silicon carbide nano dispersion on the mechanical and nano structural properties of cement. Natl Acad Sci Lett 38:361–364

    Article  Google Scholar 

  11. Bahari A, Berenjian J, Sadeghi-Nik A (2016) Modification of portland cement with nano SiC. Proc Natl Acad Sci India Sect A 86:323–331

    Article  Google Scholar 

  12. Bahari A, Sadeghi-Nik A, Roodbari M, Sadeghi-Nik A, Mirshafiei E (2018) Experimental and theoretical studies of ordinary Portland cement composites contains nano LSCO perovskite with Fokker–Planck and chemical reaction equations. Constr Build Mater 163:247–255

    Article  Google Scholar 

  13. Courard L, Darimont A, Schouterden M, Ferauche F, Willem X, Degeimbre R (2003) Durability of mortars modified with metakaolin. Cem Concr Res 33:1473–1479

    Article  Google Scholar 

  14. Evangelista L, De Brito J (2007) Mechanical behaviour of concrete made with fine recycled concrete aggregates. Cem Concr Compost 29:397–401

    Article  Google Scholar 

  15. Evangelista L, De Brito J (2010) Durability performance of concrete made with fine recycled concrete aggregates. Cem Concr Compost 32:9–14

    Article  Google Scholar 

  16. Frondistou-Yannas S (1981) Economics of concrete recycling in the United States. In: Kreijger PC (ed) Adhesion problems in the recycling of concrete. Nato conference series, vol 4. Springer, Boston

    Google Scholar 

  17. Hansen TC (2004) Recycling of demolished concrete and masonry. RILEM (The international-union of testing and research laboratories for materials and structures), vol 6. CRC Press, New York

  18. Kafi MA, Sadeghi-Nik A, Bahari A, Sadeghi-Nik A, Mirshafiei E (2016) Microstructural characterization and mechanical properties of cementitious mortar containing montmorillonite nanoparticles. J Mater Civ Eng 28:04016155

    Article  Google Scholar 

  19. Keshavarz Z, Torkian H (2018) Application of ANN and ANFIS models in determining compressive strength of concrete. Soft Comput Civ Eng 2:62–70

    Google Scholar 

  20. Khademi F, Akbari M, Jamal SM (2015a) Prediction of compressive strength of concrete by data-driven models. i-Manager’s J Civ Eng 5:16

    Google Scholar 

  21. Khademi F, Akbari M, Jamal SM (2015b) Measuring compressive strength of puzzolan concrete by ultrasonic pulse velocity method. i-Manager’s J Civ Eng 5:23

    Google Scholar 

  22. Khademi F, Jamal SM, Deshpande N, Londhe S (2016) Predicting strength of recycled aggregate concrete using artificial neural network, adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system and multiple linear regression. Int J Sustain Built Environ 5:355–369

    Article  Google Scholar 

  23. Khalilpasha MH, Sadeghi-Nik A, Lotfi-Omran O, Kimiaeifard K, Amirpour-Molla M (2012) Sustainable development using recyclable rubber in self-compacting concrete. In: Third international conference on construction in developing countries (advancing civil, architectural and construction engineering and management), Bangkok, Thailand, pp 580–585

  24. Khatib JM (2005) Properties of concrete incorporating fine recycled aggregate. Cem Concr Res 35:763–769

    Article  Google Scholar 

  25. Khayat KH (1999) Workability, testing, and performance of self-consolidating concrete. ACI Mater J 96:346–353

    Google Scholar 

  26. Khushnood RA, Ahmad S, Savi P, Tulliani JM, Giorcelli M, Ferro GA (2015) Improvement in electromagnetic interference shielding effectiveness of cement composites using carbonaceous nano/micro inerts. Constr Build Mater 85:208–216

    Article  Google Scholar 

  27. Kim HS, Lee SH, Moon HY (2007) Strength properties and durability aspects of high strength concrete using Korean metakaolin. Constr Build Mater 21:1229–1237

    Article  Google Scholar 

  28. Kou SC, Poon CS (2009) Properties of self-compacting concrete prepared with coarse and fine recycled concrete aggregates. Cem Concr Compos 31:622–627

    Article  Google Scholar 

  29. Lee ST, Moon HY, Hooton RD, Kim JP (2005) Effect of solution concentrations and replacement levels of metakaolin on the resistance of mortars exposed to magnesium sulfate solutions. Cem Concr Res 35:1314–1323

    Article  Google Scholar 

  30. Libre NA, Khoshnazar R, Shekarchi M (2010) Relationship between fluidity and stability of self-consolidating mortar incorporating chemical and mineral admixtures. Constr Build Mater 24:1262–1271

    Article  Google Scholar 

  31. Mastali M, Dalvand A, Sattarifard AR (2016) The impact resistance and mechanical properties of reinforced self-compacting concrete with recycled glass fibre reinforced polymers. J Clean Prod 124:312–324

    Article  Google Scholar 

  32. Mehta PK (1999) Concrete technology for sustainable development. Concr Int 21:47–53

    Google Scholar 

  33. Mejía de Gutiérrez R, Torres J, Vizcayno C, Castello R (2008) Influence of the calcination temperature of kaolin on the mechanical properties of mortars and concretes containing metakaolin. Clay Miner 43:177–183

    Article  Google Scholar 

  34. Mo KH, Alengaram UJ, Jumaat MZ (2015) Compressive behaviour of polyacrylonitrile fibre reinforced lightweight aggregate concrete composite. Adv Mater Res Trans Tech Publ 1115:188–191

    Google Scholar 

  35. Mosavi SM, Sadeghi-Nik A (2015) Strengthening of steel–concrete composite girders using carbon fibre reinforced polymer (CFRP) plates. Sadhana 40:249–261

    Article  Google Scholar 

  36. Neville AM (1995) Properties of concrete, 4th edn. Longman Group Limited, Harlow

    Google Scholar 

  37. Nikbin IM, Rahimi S, Allahyari H, Fallah F (2016) Feasibility study of waste Poly Ethylene Terephthalate (PET) particles as aggregate replacement for acid erosion of sustainable structural normal and lightweight concrete. J Clean Prod 126:108–117

    Article  Google Scholar 

  38. Poon CS, Lam L, Kou SC, Wong YL, Wong R (2001) Rate of pozzolanic reaction of metakaolin in high-performance cement pastes. Cem Concr Res 31:1301–1306

    Article  Google Scholar 

  39. Sadeghi-Nik A, Bahari A (2010) Nano-particles in concrete and cement mixtures. In: International conference on nano science and technology, Chengdu, China, pp 221–223

  40. Sadeghi-Nik A, Ali B, Sadeghi-Nik A (2011a) Investigation of nano structural properties of cement—based materials. Am J Sci Res 25:104–111

    Google Scholar 

  41. Sadeghi-Nik A, Ali B, Sadeghi-Nik A, Mohammadh K (2011b) Nanotechnology coating of buildings with sol–gel method. Am J Sci Res 31:69–72

    Google Scholar 

  42. Sadeghi-Nik A, Bahari A, Amiri B (2011c) Nanostructural properties of cement—matrix composite. J Basic Appl Sci Res 11:2167–2173

    Google Scholar 

  43. Sadeghi-Nik A, Berenjian J, Bahari A, Safaei AS, Dehestani M (2017) Modification of microstructure and mechanical properties of cement by nanoparticles through a sustainable development approach. Constr Build Mater 155:880–891

    Article  Google Scholar 

  44. Swamy RN (2002) The alkali-silica reaction in concrete. CRC Press, Boca Raton

    Google Scholar 

  45. Tabsh SW, Abdelfatah AS (2009) Influence of recycled concrete aggregates on strength properties of concrete. Constr Build Mater 23:1163–1167

    Article  Google Scholar 

  46. Wild S, Khatib JM, Jones A (1996) Relative strength, pozzolanic activity and cement hydration in superplasticised metakaolin concrete. Cem Concr Res 26:1537–1544

    Article  Google Scholar 

  47. Zhang MH, Malhotra VM (1995) Characteristics of a thermally activated alumino-silicate pozzolanic material and its use in concrete. Cem Concr Res 25:1713–1725

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Aref Sadeghi-Nik.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Sadeghi-Nik, A., Berenjian, J., Alimohammadi, S. et al. The Effect of Recycled Concrete Aggregates and Metakaolin on the Mechanical Properties of Self-Compacting Concrete Containing Nanoparticles. Iran J Sci Technol Trans Civ Eng 43, 503–515 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1007/s40996-018-0182-4

Download citation

Keywords

  • Recycled aggregates
  • Self-compacting concrete
  • Mechanical properties
  • Nano-SiO2 and sustainable development