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Removal of Eriochrome Black T Dye by Using Al2O3 Nanoparticles: Central Composite Design, Isotherm and Error Analysis

Abstract

Removal of Eriochrome Black T (EBT) dye by using cheap and abundant Al2O3 nanoparticles surface was investigated in this work. Weight of Al2O3 nanoparticles, pH and temperature influence on EBT dye removal was optimized by central composite design coupled with response surface methodology. The obtained removal percentage was in a good agreement with the predicted removal percentage. The minimizing error functions (SAE, χ2, ERRSQ, MPSD and HYBRID) and high value of R2 were used to find the optimum isotherm model. Based on error functions among two isotherm models enumerated, the Langmuir isotherm model’s experimental data gave the present study a better depiction.

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Acknowledgements

We thank university of Mustansiriyah, College of Science, Department of Chemistry for helpful about doing this work.

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Correspondence to Ruba Fahmi Abbas.

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Abbas, R.F., Hami, H.K., Mahdi, N.I. et al. Removal of Eriochrome Black T Dye by Using Al2O3 Nanoparticles: Central Composite Design, Isotherm and Error Analysis. Iran J Sci Technol Trans Sci 44, 993–1000 (2020). https://doi.org/10.1007/s40995-020-00911-6

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Keywords

  • Central composite design
  • Removal
  • Eriochrome Black T
  • Al2O3 nanoparticles
  • SAE