Influence of the additivation of graphene-like materials on the properties of polyamide for Powder Bed Fusion

  • J. J. Relinque
  • M. G. García-Romero
  • J. Hernández-Saz
  • J. Navas
  • A. J. Gil-Mena
  • D. L. Sales
  • F. J. Navas
  • G. Morales-Cid
  • D. Aguilera
  • A. Periñán
  • F. Lasagni
  • S. I. Molina
Full Research Article


The purpose of this work is to achieve the improvement of mechanical properties of polyamide 12 through dispersion of graphene-like nanofillers, for its use in Powder Bed Fusion. Nanocomposites have been prepared by conventional injection moulding in order to determine the mechanical and electrical behaviour of the different systems as a previous step for the design of new materials for Powder Bed Fusion. Structural characterisation and mechanical and electrical properties assessments were performed, showing the improvement of stiffness and mechanical strength for the prepared nanocomposites, compared to pristine polyamide. Electrical conductivity has been introduced as well in some of them. This enhancement of properties, together with the first tests carried out on nanocomposites prepared with Powder Bed Fusion, makes this study a starting point to obtain commercially interesting materials for this additive manufacturing technique.


Polyamide Graphene-like materials Nanocomposites Focused ion beam microscopy Mechanical testing Conductivity measures 



This work was supported by the Spanish MINECO (Projects EXPLORA MEDEA CTM2013-49796-EXP and OPTONANO TEC2014-53727-C2-R) and the Junta de Andalucía (INNANOMAT TEP-946 PAI research group). Cofinancing from UE-FEDER is also acknowledged. The corresponding author has been funded by an FPU pre-doctoral contract from the Spanish MECD.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

On behalf of all authors, the corresponding author states that there is no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Departamento de Ciencia de los Materiales e Ing. Met. y Q. I, Instituto de Microscopía Electrónica y Materiales, Universidad de Cádiz, Facultad de CienciasCádizSpain
  2. 2.Departamento de Ingeniería y Ciencia de los Materiales y del Transporte, Camino de los Descubrimientos s/n, Universidad de SevillaSevillaSpain
  3. 3.Departamento de Química-Física, Instituto de Microscopía Electrónica y Materiales, Universidad de Cádiz, Facultad de CienciasCádizSpain
  4. 4.Departamento de Ingeniería Eléctrica, Universidad de Cádiz, Escuela Politécnica SuperiorCádizSpain
  5. 5.Andaltec, Centro Tecnológico del PlásticoMartos, JaénSpain
  6. 6.CATEC, Center for Advanced Aerospace TechnologiesSevillaSpain

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