Effect of Coating Layer of Sand Casting Mold in Thin-Walled Ductile Iron Casting: Reducing the Skin Effect Formation

  • Donanta Dhaneswara
  • Bambang Suharno
  • Rianti Dewi S. Ariobimo
  • Djodi Budi Sambodo
  • Jaka Fajar Fatriansyah


The effect of various coating layers on the skin effect formation in thin-walled ductile iron casting with glass wool heat insulator has been investigated. Graphite, MgO, Zr, Zr + graphite, MgO + graphite coating layers have been used. We observed that the different coating layers can be used to control cooling rate. Higher heat conductivity coating layer yields lower cooling rate, while lower heat conductivity yields higher cooling rate. The use of double layer can further increase cooling rate which was observed for Zr + graphite and MgO + graphite double coating layers. These may only be applicable in our system. Higher cooling rate system produces a casting product that has thinner skin effect. The use of MgO layer yields lower skin effect thickness which stood at 52.27 µm.


thin-walled ductile iron coating layers cooling rate 



Authors thank the Indonesian government for research funding. Authors also thank Geteka Fourindo company which allowed us to conduct our experiment in its factory.


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© American Foundry Society 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Donanta Dhaneswara
    • 1
  • Bambang Suharno
    • 1
  • Rianti Dewi S. Ariobimo
    • 2
  • Djodi Budi Sambodo
    • 1
  • Jaka Fajar Fatriansyah
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Metallurgical and Materials Engineering, Faculty of EngineeringUniversitas IndonesiaJakartaIndonesia
  2. 2.Mechanical Engineering Department, Faculty of Industrial TechnologyTrisakti UniversityJakartaIndonesia

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