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Value Education: Eastern and Western Human Value and Virtues


The present education system is mainly object oriented material in nature but not subjective or spiritual. We study mainly subject viz. physic, chemistry, Biology, Computer, Applications, and Engineering etc.; which are related to the objective world, but we don’t ourselves, or the subjective world. There is story associated with a famous Greek philosopher, Socrates, who ones asked his disciples, what do you want to become in future?” One of them said that he wanted to become a lawyer, another wanted to become a politician, so on and so forth. But one student told that he wanted to become a ‘man’. To become a man is very important, for unless we become a real man first, we will not be able to handle objective knowledge properly. That is why, speaking about education Swami Vivekananda said, “We must have life-building, man making, character-making assimilation of ideas”. So education must be subject-oriented. The subject orientation is an indispensable aspect of personality development. These are self-reliance, self-knowledge, self-control and self-sacrifice. A man of high personality must have the combination of super head, heart and hand.

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Correspondence to Lakshman Patra.

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A value is a value for me only when I see the value of the values as valuable to me.

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Patra, L. Value Education: Eastern and Western Human Value and Virtues. J. Indian Counc. Philos. Res. (2022).

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  • Self-reliance
  • Self-knowledge
  • Self-control
  • Self-sacrifice