Indian Journal of International Law

, Volume 57, Issue 1–2, pp 47–61 | Cite as

Treaty-making and implementation in India: a constitutional paradox

  • Arghya Sengupta
  • Akriti Gaur


The nature and process of treaty-making and implementation in India is plagued with contradictions in law and in principle. While on the one hand, sufficient unanimity exists that India is a dualist state, requiring laws to bring treaties into operation domestically, on the other hand, the text of the Constitution appears to suggest otherwise. This Article attempts to resolve the apparent legal inconsistencies pertaining to treatymaking and implementation and the respective roles of the legislature and the executive.


Treaties Treaty-making Constitution Dualism Article 73 Article 246 Article 253 Schedule VII NCRWC Parliament 

Copyright information

© The Indian Society of International Law 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Vidhi Centre for Legal PolicyNew DelhiIndia

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