Indian Journal of International Law

, Volume 56, Issue 3–4, pp 463–502 | Cite as

Less-than-full reparations in international law



A state responsible for an internationally wrongful act is generally under an obligation to make full reparation for the injury caused by this act. This article argues however that there are general limitations to the obligation to make full reparation. It reviews the practice of States in endorsing less-than-full reparation or even actively campaigning against full reparation in certain circumstances. It also notes the importance of the recognition of less-than-full reparation by judges and scholars in order, in particular, to facilitate the peaceful settlement of international disputes. Lastly, it identifies three alternative criteria explaining less-than-full reparation.


Reparation International law Full reparation Less-than-full reparation Adequate reparation 

Copyright information

© The Indian Society of International Law 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Chinese University of Hong Kong Faculty of LawShatinHong Kong

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