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Adolescent Research Review

, Volume 4, Issue 2, pp 149–168 | Cite as

Psychosocial Interventions for Mental Illness among LGBTQIA Youth: A PRISMA-Based Systematic Review

  • Emily Van Der Pol-Harney
  • John McAloonEmail author
Systematic Review

Abstract

Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Queer, Intersex and Asexual (LGBTQIA) youth experience a unique range of psychosocial stressors often culminating in poor mental health outcomes. A systematic review of trials that evaluated psychosocial interventions for LGBTQIA youth aged 12–25 was undertaken to evaluate the effect of treatment components and participant-related variables on treatment outcome. The results suggest that creating safe, accepting places, discussion of shared experiences, and using a cognitive behavioural or attachment-based family therapy framework significantly decreased depression, sexual minority stress, anxiety and drug and alcohol use, and enhanced participant approval. LGBTQIA youth had poorer baseline mental health than non-LGBTQIA youth and experienced greater improvements. Further experimental research is needed to define effective treatment components and relevant individual factors to maximise treatment efficacy.

Keywords

LGBTQIA LGBT Youth Treatment Minority stress Mental health Review 

Notes

Author contributions

EVDPH conceived of the study, participated in the design and coordination of the study, conducted the review and interpretation of the data, and drafted the manuscript; UM was the second reviewer in the full-text review process; JM participated in conceiving the study, its design, coordination and interpretation, and helped draft the manuscript. All authors read and approved the final manuscript.

Funding

This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors report no conflict of interest.

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© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of Technology Sydney Psychology ClinicUltimoAustralia

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