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Lime Cake as an Alternative Stabiliser for Loose Clayey Loams

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Lime Cake (precipitated calcium carbonate PCC), a by-product of sugar production, is proposed as a stabiliser for improvement of loose silty clayey loams. Two inorganic pedogenic and organic precipitated calcium carbonate polymorphs are artificially synthesized into a base loosely compacted loamy soil. Formation, micromorphology, quality of cementing bonds, and physiochemical interactions in the interlayer are modelled at molecular level and verified by a suite of micro-analytical spectrometry techniques. Emphasis is put into determining the impacts of polysaccharides on soil strength and implications on soil pore anatomy. Erodibility, compressibility, volumetric change, and hydro-mechanical behaviour of base, and modified soils at yield and post-yield states are studied. Anomalies in suction-controlled post-yield stress–strain behaviour of modified soils are discussed and explained within the tenets of mechanics of composite soils with double porosity. PCC-reinforcement offers the closest possible packing at optimum water content. Desiccation cracking remains likely, but at relatively higher lower-bound water contents. Under low confinement levels and unsaturated state, strain-hardening prevails. Loss of shear strength on saturation is minimal. When saturated, PCC-reinforced soil develops substantially high levels of shear strength at all strain levels. Higher levels of confinement are needed for organic fibrous and onion-skin coating matters to effectively encrust the soil pore network; such high levels, however, leads to formation of an unwelcomed brittle, strain–softening stress–stress behaviour.

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Assadi Langroudi, A., Ghadr, S., Theron, E. et al. Lime Cake as an Alternative Stabiliser for Loose Clayey Loams. Int. J. of Geosynth. and Ground Eng. 5, 22 (2019).

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