The Deligne–Illusie Theorem and exceptional Enriques surfaces


Building on the results of Deligne and Illusie on liftings to truncated Witt vectors, we give a criterion for non-liftability that involves only the dimension of certain cohomology groups of vector bundles arising from the Frobenius pushforward of the de Rham complex. Using vector bundle methods, we apply this to show that exceptional Enriques surfaces, a class introduced by Ekedahl and Shepherd-Barron, do not lift to truncated Witt vectors, yet the base of the miniversal formal deformation over the Witt vectors is regular. Using the classification of Bombieri and Mumford, we also show that bielliptic surfaces arising from a quotient by a unipotent group scheme of order p do not lift to the ring of Witt vectors. These results hinge on some observations in homological algebra that relates splittings in derived categories to Yoneda extensions and certain diagram completions.

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I wish to thank Luc Illusie for valuable discussions, and the referees for thorough reading and helpful comments.

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Correspondence to Stefan Schröer.

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This research was conducted in the framework of the research training group GRK 2240: Algebro-geometric Methods in Algebra, Arithmetic and Topology, which is funded by the DFG.

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Schröer, S. The Deligne–Illusie Theorem and exceptional Enriques surfaces. European Journal of Mathematics (2021).

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  • Arithmetic deformations
  • Enriques surfaces
  • Bielliptic surfaces
  • Vector bundles
  • Group schemes
  • Gerbes

Mathematics Subject Classification

  • 14D15
  • 14J28
  • 14J60
  • 14J27
  • 14L15
  • 18E10