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Optical Response of Soda-Lime Glass Shocked to 14 GPa

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To examine the potential use of soda-lime glass (SLG) as an optical window in shock wave experiments, laser interferometry (VISAR) was used to determine the window correction and the refractive index in SLG samples subjected to plane shock wave compression. Symmetric plate impact experiments were conducted at peak stresses varying between 4 and 14 GPa and laser interferometry (\({\lambda }_{0}=532 nm\) wavelength) measurements were used to monitor the particle velocity histories at the impact surface. The higher stress experiments displayed a constant state prior to stress unloading. In contrast, the lower stress experiments (4.3 and 7.8 GPa) displayed an initial constant state followed by weakly time-dependent response prior to stress unloading. Because the actual particle velocities were independently known from the projectile velocity measurements, the window correction factor and the refractive index changes were determined over the stress range examined. Above 7.5 GPa, our window correction and refractive index results show significant differences with previously published data for the same material. Potential reasons for these differences are indicated.

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Aaron Gunderson deserves special thanks for his valuable contributions to the experimental effort. N. Arganbright, B. Williams, and K. Zimmerman are thanked for their assistance with the plate impact experiments. We thank an anonymous reviewer for his/her comments that resulted in an improved analysis of our window correction data. This work was supported by the Department of Energy/NNSA (Cooperative Agreement No. #DE-NA0002007).

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Correspondence to P. Renganathan.

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Renganathan, P., Toyoda, Y. & Gupta, Y.M. Optical Response of Soda-Lime Glass Shocked to 14 GPa. J. dynamic behavior mater. 6, 207–212 (2020).

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