Heart Rate Variability: Influence of Pre-processing Methods in Identifying Single-Night Sleep-Deprived Subjects

Abstract

Purpose

Autonomic nervous system (ANS) activity can be non-invasively estimated from the heart rate variability (HRV) signal obtained from the electrocardiogram (ECG). The aim of this work is to find useful parameters that allow to establish the presence of a single night sleep deprivation in healthy subjects.

Methods

The study included two experimental groups of subjects: Non-sleep-deprived (sleep ≥ 4 h, N = 13) and sleep-deprived (sleep <4 h, N = 10). The RR series extracted from 5 min resting ECG signals were pre-processed using four different algorithms to detect and edit artifacts. The RR series were analyzed in terms of time-domain, frequency-domain and using the Poincaré plot, in order to determine differences in HRV indexes across domains and subject groups. Statistical analyses were performed with the Friedman and Mann–Whitney tests, along, with correlation analysis.

Results

Pre-processing methods showed a moderate level of agreement. In subjects with 4 h of single-night sleep deprivation, results differed according to the selected method.

Conclusion

SD21 index derived from the Poincaré plot was the only HRV index showing differences between sleep-deprived and non-deprived subjects.

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Acknowledgements

This study was supported by a grant from Agencia Nacional de Promoción Científica y Tecnológica (PICT Start-Up 2013-0710) and the 4th Research Project Accreditation Program (PROAPI) from Catholic University of Argentina (UCA).

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Correspondence to Jose Gallardo.

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This study went through ethics approval from the Research Committee at National University of Quilmes, Buenos Aires, Argentina (04/07/2016/No. 3).

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Informed consent was obtained from all individual participants included in the study.

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Gallardo, J., Bellone, G., Plano, S. et al. Heart Rate Variability: Influence of Pre-processing Methods in Identifying Single-Night Sleep-Deprived Subjects. J. Med. Biol. Eng. (2021). https://doi.org/10.1007/s40846-020-00595-8

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Keywords

  • Heart rate variability
  • Single night sleep
  • RR series
  • Poincaré plot