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On the problem of scale: a general theory of morphogenesis and normative policy signals for economic evolution

  • Benjamen F. GussenEmail author
Discussion

Abstract

The paper analyzes evolution to the end of furnishing a general theory of economic change. This analysis is applicable to both organisms and organizations. The general theory presented here is based on four analytical constructs: symmetry, scale, complexity, and collapse. Complexity is modeled as a force, similar to gravitation. Evolution is understood as a condition exhibiting an increase in morphological complexity. In the final analysis, economic change is linked to the structure of the political state. Pathologies of economic change, including morphostasis (in other words reaching a stage where growth and development are anemic due to the system’s form and structure becoming static), necessitate a rethinking of political organization. Polycentricity and the principle of subsidiarity [see generally Aligica and Tarko (Governance 25:237, 2012); Føllesdal (J Polit Philos 6(2):190, 1998)], with a praxis inspired by sovereign cities [see for example Gussen (J Philoso Econ 7(1), 2013a)], are imperative for the continuous evolution of societies, and hence economies. In this future, nation states become subsidiary. Sovereign cities replace nation states on the ‘international’ stage.

Keywords

City Complexity Emergence Evolution Morphology Nation state Scale Subsidiarity Technology 

JEL Classification

A12 B52 C00 H11 H77 K10 R10 Z18 

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Copyright information

© Japan Association for Evolutionary Economics 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of Southern QueenslandToowoombaAustralia

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